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What You Need To Know About The Flavor, Fragrance, And Health Properties Of Pinene

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By Author: Rosiey Bliss
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One of the strongest scents, pine instantly transports you to memories of the holidays and your preferred kitchen cleansers. Do you know the source of the distinctive aromas of pine trees and Pine-Sol, though?


A terpene called pinene is named for its most well-known source, the pine tree. The fact that this aromatic chemical is also the most prevalent terpene in nature implies that it may be found in a variety of substances, including cannabis, citrus, cleaning goods, and herbs.

Everything you need to know about the potent advantages of pinene, its varieties, and how it affects your favorite cannabis strains can be found in this guide.

What Do Terpenes Like Pinene Do?

Terpenes are chemical substances that give plants their distinctive fragrances, ranging from the pungency of black pepper to the aroma of a pine forest. Additionally, they assist plants repel predators while luring pollinators like bees.

Over 150 of the hundreds of terpenes found in nature are found in the cannabis plant. Each cannabis strain has its own terpene profile that emerges throughout cultivation. These ...
... substances combine with cannabinoids like CBD and THC to provide targeted, advantageous physiological effects. Our experience with cannabis differs from strain to strain for reasons related to different terpene concentrations between chemovars.

Types of Pinene

Pinene may be the most prevalent terpene on the planet, but alpha- and beta-pinene are two of its structural variants. Although there are a few minor anatomical changes between the two, the fundamental differential is that beta-pinene is not water soluble while alpha-pinene is.

Alpha-Pinene (α-pinene)

The chemical alpha-pinene, sometimes referred to as "pinene," is what gives rosemary and pine needles their distinctive aromas. In cannabis and medical studies, this variance is more prevalent.

Beta-Pinene (β-pinene)

Beta-pinene, which gives herbs like dill, basil, parsley, and hops their distinctive scents, has a somewhat different pine scent. Although preliminary research suggests beta-pinene may have qualities and advantages similar to those of alpha-pinene, this variety of cannabis is less frequent and less studied.

Pinene Terpenes and the Entourage Effect

Together is better when it comes to the complete range of medicinal chemicals found in cannabis. The concept of the "entourage effect" describes how the medicinal effects of a plant's chemical constituents, such as cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids, are enhanced by their synergistic interactions. Most people used to link cannabis' health advantages to specific cannabinoids like THC and CBD. According to recent studies, the full profile of chemicals is essential for the overall effect.

Terpenes, which make up between 10 and 20 percent of the resin on the flowers, are an essential component of the entourage effect. The function of pinene is to support lung capacity and mitigate the negative effects of powerful THC strains, such as short-term memory loss. Additionally, it works in concert with CBD to enhance the strain's anti-inflammatory effects.

Pinene Research

Pinene has a wide range of advantages. Alpha- and beta-pinene have antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, antioxidant, gastroprotective, and neuroprotective effects, according to a 2019 review.

Pinene has bronchodilator properties that relax pulmonary muscles and open up the airways to expand lung capacity. Simply being in a pine forest improves breathing since pinene is so strong.
A 2011 study discovered that the anti-infectious bronchitis virus, or IBV, was effectively combated by alpha and beta-pinene. The IBV virus family, which includes many coronavirus varieties, affects your lungs.
Antioxidant characteristics can be found in alpha and beta-pinene.
Pinene makes cells more viable and slows down cell death.
Because it dramatically reduces the growth of cancer cells, alpha-pinene possesses anti-cancer capabilities and can reduce the size of tumors.
According to a 2011 study, pinene exhibits anti-inflammatory qualities at low dosages and acts as a broad-spectrum antibiotic at higher concentrations.

Do Terpenes Like Pinene Get You High?

No. Pinene and other isolated terpenes have no psychoactive effects. However, since terpenes play a significant role in the entourage effect that we previously discussed, the presence of terpenes like pinene can have a direct impact on the kind of psychedelic experience you have.

Pinene is a bronchodilator, thus even when you smoke, it extends your lung capacity. As a result, when you inhale cannabis, you can take larger, deeper breaths, which can heighten the high.

Sources of Pinene

Pinene, like all terpenes, can enter your body through aromatic substances in the food you eat or the air you breathe. Pinene, however, can be found in many different areas because it is such a well-liked aroma. Where to locate it is as follows:

Herbs like rosemary, dill, parsley, and basil are rich in pinene.
Pine nuts, orange, and lime peels are good sources of pinene that you can add to your diet.
Pinene is mostly found in coniferous trees, such as cedar, juniper, hemlock, and redwood trees.
Turpentine, an aromatic compound found in soaps, perfumes, and cleaning products, is an extract from coniferous trees that contains pinene.
Pinene is a common ingredient in candles and sprays meant to repel insects because it is unpleasant to them.

What Strain of Cannabis Contains the Most Pinene?

While pinene is frequently present in cannabis, it is rarely the most dominating terpene (that honor goes to myrcene). Pinene can be found in some of your favorite strains of cannabis, as it is frequently the second most prevalent terpene in the plant:

Large Smooth Rare pinene-dominant strain with earthy and blueberry overtones, this OG Blueberry and Cookies & Cream hybrid gives a great terpene profile and euphoric high.
Cannatonic. A short-lived, mellow high that leaves you feeling incredibly calm is produced by the CBD-dominant strain, which has earthy pine tastes.
Kush Cotton Candy. The cherry flavors in this hybrid strain are strong and with floral undertones. It generates an ecstatic and calming high and is a favorite among chronic pain patients.
Remedy. Remedy is a CBD-rich strain that has only slight euphoric effects and is well-liked by medical users since it induces a relaxed state.
Tangie Kosher. With undertones of orange and pine, this hybrid strain has a skunky citrus fragrance and produces an uplifting high that's ideal for unwinding after work.
Wine Ape. Grape Ape is an indica strain with a calm high that's ideal for falling asleep, and it gets its name from the pungent smell it gives off.

Reported Pinene Benefits?

Alpha-pinene has anti-inflammatory effects, which were investigated in a 2012 study on acute pancreatitis. Pinene has been shown by researchers to reduce organ inflammation, support the immune system, and maintain long-term organ function.
The efficacy of -Pinene to combat the bacterium Campylobacter jejuni, a common source of food illness, was examined in a 2015 study. They discovered pinene kills the bacteria's cells while increasing your natural resistance to antibiotics.
Pinene acts as a bronchodilator to open up airways and relax lung muscles, increasing lung capacity. More oxygen is delivered to your brain thanks to larger lung capacity, which also boosts your energy and concentration levels and controls the stress reaction in your nervous system.
Pinene has neuroprotective qualities that improve sleep quality and shield brain tissue from oxidative stress. Early aging symptoms and health issues including heart attacks and strokes are influenced by poor sleep quality and persistent oxidative stress.
Reduces Tumors: According to a 2015 study, pinene can stop the growth of liver cancer cells by up to 69%.

The Conclusion

Pinene is widely distributed in cannabis as well as the rest of nature. It is a crucial terpene in your preferred strains due to its special capacity to improve your breathing (and a good reason to get outside in wooded areas). But we've only begun to scrape the surface of pinene's potential.

Prior to purchasing, make sure to review the COA (certificate of analysis) if you're looking for pinene dominating strains. Every cannabis product you purchase should be accompanied by a COA from an accredited testing facility. The THC concentration and safety information are listed on every COA, but the top brands go one step further and also provide the terpene profile. To locate a product that meets your unique requirements, ask your budtender about the brands that conduct terpene testing.

Beta-Pinene has a piney, herbal scent with 166 degrees celcius properties, and is analgesic, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and anti-proliferative. For more information about Beta-Pinene, visit https://sativabliss.ca!

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