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Making Ophthalmology Easy With Descriptions Relating To The Most Popular Eye Conditions

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By Author: Julianne Nick
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A cornea transplant is needed when a cornea becomes permanently damaged, possibly through disease. For instance, if a person develops fuchs dystrophy (a degenerative corneal disease which affects both of the eyes) or Keratoconus (a disorder which affects the structure and shape of the cornea) then a cornea transplant is normally needed. This is where healthy donated corneal tissue is grafted onto the damaged/diseased cornea in order to bring the eye back to full health. keratoconus surgery or cornea transplants are often categorised as the most severe treatment options for cornea disease - this is because in most cases conditions can be treated by simply wearing corrective lenses.

In the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, universities can confer ophthalmology degrees.
Examples are establishments such as the Royal College of Edinburgh, the Royal College of Glasgow and the Royal College of Ophthalmologists. A qualification must be held by an ophthalmologist in order to pursue that line of work in Great Britain. After the post graduate degree has been awarded, most people tend to get placements at the NHS to advance their knowledge and improve their practical skills. In fact, some of the larger laser eye specialists even offer training programs to help people become entirely qualified ophthalmologists. However, most of the time these are vocational courses that are taken following a postgraduate qualification.

The technology utilised by ophthalmologists changes depending on the eye condition being treated. There is a Ziemer LDV Femtosecond Laser, which is a precision laser used for invasive cornea surgery. This particular piece of equipment lets a surgeon operate effectively without the use of a blade. There is also OCT (Ocular Coherence Tomographer), a new form of non-invasive imaging technology, that is being used more and more for detailed mapping of the size, shape and contours of the eye. Then there are various procedures such as Anti-VEGF drugs and Fluorescein angiography for more specialist conditions. These are simply a few choice examples of the procedures and equipment that are currently in use by professional ophthalmologists.

Even though you may believe that cataracts only affects older people, younger people can be affected by the condition too. Described as congenital cataracts, they develop before the birth of a baby or just after delivery. The key symptom of the condition include the clouding of the eye ranging from mild severity to total opacity. Other symptoms are near-sightedness or myopia - due to increased lens focus -, difficulty in perceiving the colour blue and a progressive yellowing of the lens. Two of the treatment options available are a cataract operation or cataract surgery. If treatment is not provided loss of vision and even blindness can result. Shrinkage of the lens and swelling can often arise amongst the elderly.

Plenty of locations have different clinics or surgeries. On the whole the surgeries for eye treatment take place in big cities like Sheffield, Newcastle or Cardiff. It makes sense to look at London for any treatment centres close by for eye surgery. As their reputation precedes them, the treatment centres will add you to what could be a lengthy waiting list. This does mean that the the clinic is of the highest standard possible. In some cases, they can even be affiliated with licensed opticians hence a sensible idea could be to ask your own optician for their views before looking for an eye surgeon.

After reviewing the above descriptions you should now a better insight into the condition of your eye and how to identify a number of key eye diseases.

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