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What Is Antivirus And How Does It Work?

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By Author: raaj
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An Antivirus is a software program designed to detect, prevent, and remove malicious software, commonly referred to as malware, from computer systems. Its primary purpose is to protect the computer and its data from various threats, such as viruses, worms, Trojans, ransomware, spyware, and adware.

Antivirus software works by employing different techniques to identify and mitigate potential threats. Here’s a general overview of how it works:

Signature-Based Detection: Antivirus programs maintain a database of known malware signatures. These signatures are unique patterns or characteristics that help identify specific malware. When the antivirus scans a file or program, it compares its code or behavior against these signatures. If a match is found, the antivirus alerts the user and takes appropriate action.

Heuristic Analysis: Antivirus software also utilizes heuristic analysis to detect previously unknown or zero-day threats. Instead of relying solely on signatures, heuristics involve analyzing the behavior, structure, and characteristics of files or programs to determine if they exhibit suspicious or malicious ...
... behavior. This allows the antivirus to detect new and evolving malware threats.

Behavior Monitoring: Antivirus Kya Hai programs monitor the behavior of running processes and applications in real-time. They look for any unusual or malicious activities that might indicate the presence of malware. For example, if a program tries to modify critical system files or access sensitive information without authorization, the antivirus can intervene and block the action.

Sandbox Analysis: Some advanced antivirus software employs sandboxing, where suspicious files or programs are executed in an isolated environment called a sandbox. This allows the antivirus to observe their behavior without risking the infection of the actual system. If the file or program exhibits malicious behavior within the sandbox, the antivirus can take appropriate action.

Regular Updates: Antivirus software requires frequent updates to stay up-to-date with the latest threats. These updates include new malware signatures, heuristics, and other detection methods to enhance the antivirus’s ability to identify and counter evolving threats.

Removal and Quarantine: When an antivirus identifies malware, it typically offers options to quarantine or remove the infected files. Quarantine isolates the infected files from the rest of the system, preventing them from causing harm. Users can then choose to delete or restore the quarantined files based on their assessment of the situation.

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