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Do You Know What Causes Dark Spots And How To Reduce Them?

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By Author: Eucerin Malaysia
Total Articles: 7
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Hyperpigmentation, or uneven skin pigmentation, is a general skin disorder. Dark spots, or pigmentation, can be an unwelcome addition to the skin. Learn about the different types of skin spots, their causes, and how to prevent their occurrence. Read further and find out what treatments are available to reduce dark spots and patches.

What is hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition due to harmful sun rays and causes areas of the skin to become darker than the surrounding skin due to an overproduction of melanin. It often appears as small spots on the face, arms, hands, and other body areas. Treatment options vary based on the cause and severity of the condition.
Different Types of Hyperpigmentation Conditions
Age Spots: Hyperpigmentation Issues
Pigment spots often referred to as age spots or sun spots, are caused by prolonged exposure to the sun. They often appear on exposed parts of the body, such as the face, neck, décolleté, hands, and arms. These spots are usually small and dark in color.


2. Melasma
Melasma, also known as chloasma, is a skin ...
... condition characterized by the appearance of dark, discolored patches on the face. It is most common in women and is thought to be caused by fluctuating hormone levels. Although it affects both men and women, it is more prevalent in women. Treatments for freckles include topical creams and laser therapy.

3. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is a discoloration of the skin that appears following an injury or trauma. This discoloration can be caused by acne and by cosmetic procedures such as dermabrasion, laser treatments, and chemical peels.


Important Information
Consult your dermatologist or pharmacist if you’re concerned about any of your dark spots or if they start to bleed itch or change in size or color.
What are the Causes and Triggers of Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a darkening of the skin due to an increase in melanin, the natural pigment responsible for skin color, hair, and eyes. This growth can be triggered by many factors, such as sun exposure, hormones, age, and inflammation or injury to the skin.

Sun exposure and hyperpigmentation
Sun exposure is the primary factor behind hyperpigmentation, as it stimulates melanin production and darkens existing spots, such as age spots, melasma, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Without sun protection, these dark spots may become more pronounced.

Hormones
Melasma, also known as chloasma, is a type of hyperpigmentation primarily caused by hormonal influences. Hyperpigmentation can also be a side effect of specific hormone treatments.
Age
As we age, our skin loses its ability to produce melanin, which leads to an increase in age spots. This is due to a decrease in the number of melanin-producing cells, called melanocytes, and their increase and migration to certain areas of the skin.

Skin injuries and inflammation
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is a discoloration of the skin that occurs after injury or inflammation. It can be caused by many different things, including cuts, burns, chemical exposure, acne, atopic dermatitis, or psoriasis.

Disease and medication
Hyperpigmentation is a change in skin color, usually darker, due to an increase in melanin production. It can be a symptom of certain autoimmune and gastrointestinal diseases, metabolic disorders and vitamin deficiencies.

Preventing Hyperpigmentation: What Can I Do?
Taking the steps you need to protect your skin from the sun is the most important way to help prevent hyperpigmentation. Even on cloudy days, your skin can still be damaged by the sun's rays, so be sure to give it the protection it needs every day.

Ways to Reduce Existing Pigment Spots
While prevention is best, once you have pigment spots, you can take steps to help fade them and prevent their reappearance.

Dermo-cosmetic solutions
If you suffer from hyperpigmentation, choose skincare products specifically designed to reduce its appearance. Look out for products that have been clinically tested and proven to be safe and effective for your skin.

Treating Dermatological Issues
Chemical peels and laser therapy can help reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation by exfoliating the skin and stimulating the production of new, healthy skin cells.

Chemical peels
Laser therapies

Dermatologists often prescribe and use hydroquinone to reduce hyperpigmentation, as it is believed to be the most effective topical agent for this purpose.
Find out more here.

More About the Author

Eucerin is a dermatologist-recommended skincare brand based on honest skin science. It sustains and restores skin’s health and gives you the confidence of healthy radiant skin. 100 years of innovative skin science, through working with dermatologists and using advanced technological expertise, we guarantee reliable and highly effective product innovations on the highest dermatological standards. Read More Visit - https://www.eucerin.my/

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