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Step-by-step Guide On Selenium Automation Testing 2023

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By Author: AutomationQA
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Being a part of the tech team, we understand the vitality of testing in the development cycle to ensure the quality and stability of our applications. Automation Testing is usually performed either manually or in the form of automated testing. Automated testing is the most trendy approach since it enables your team to test your applications swiftly and efficiently.

Selenium automation testing is referred to the tests that are carried out with the Selenium tool. Selenium is a web application testing toolkit that is open-source and free. Testers are fond of selenium testing since it helps testers to write automated tests in several programming languages. It is not just an individual tool but a bunch of tools, each catering to specific testing needs. Selenium test enables interoperability between browsers and operating methods.

What does Selenium Automation Testing refer to?

Manual testing has several disadvantages while being a crucial stage ...
... in the creation of applications, the most important of that which is that it is a tiresome and repetitive process. To tackle these challenges, ThoughtWorks developer Jason Huggins opted to automate the testing process. Using JavaScript, he developed the JavaScriptTestRunner, a program that automated web application testing. This program's name was changed to Selenium in 2004.

A Brief Guide to Selenium Automation Testing

A group of technologies known as Selenium facilitates the testing process.

IDE for Selenium

The Selenium Integrated Development Environment has a simple interface that logs user interactions.

Installing the IDE

Step 1: Launch Firefox.

Step 2: Reach the upper right corner for clicking on the ‘menu’.

Step 3: Select the drop-down box, and get Add-ons.

Step 4: Additional add-ons and choose "Selenium IDE."

Step 5: Choose and add the same to Firefox.

A test recording: To learn how to record the test in this portion of the Selenium automation course.

Save the Work: This testing lesson makes you learn how to save the work. To save the work done in the IDE, select the save symbol present in the top-right corner.

In-browser playback: Playtests back in the testing IDE then choose the test.

Selenium Remote Control (RC)

Selenium Remote Control was produced by Paul Hammant. Initially, Selenium-Core was known as "JavaScriptTestRunner," a program created in 2004 by Jason Huggins. JavaScript functions used for the browser's built-in JavaScript interpreter interpret and execute Selenese instructions. Later web browser was injected with the Selenium-Core.

The following are the steps for properly installing:

Employ the command prompt for launching Selenium automation testing RC

Design a ‘new project’ in eclipse followed by the addition of the project name

Authenticate the remaining information followed by pressing on ‘finish’

Develop a fresh package in the project by selecting ‘new’ and ‘package’

Develop a fresh class in the package by selecting the package utilized in the previous step and clicking on ‘new’ and ‘class’

Fix your code and enforce it by selecting ‘run’.

Selenium Grid

For proper utilization of the Selenium test script, the subsequent steps need to be observed.

Proper installation of Selenium Grid only after installation of Java

Perfect utilization of the command instruction for building the Selenium Hub which is accountable for routing JSON commands to the nodes.

Employ the command instructions for initiating the nodes by matching them according to your required configuration.

You can choose to employ the DesiredCapabilities and RemoteWebDriver objects for the proper functioning of the test.

Selenium Webdriver

Selenium automation testing WebDriver was designed by Simon Stewart back in 2006. It was the first cross-platform testing tool to configure and control browsers at the OS level. It functioned as a programming interface for creating and running test cases.

The architecture of WebDriver is simple and easy to grasp:

Selenium test script - This is a test code produced in any of the computer languages described above and read by the driver.

JSON Wire Protocol - This is a transport method. This allows data to be exchanged between a server and a client.

Browser drivers - To establish a safe connection with the browser, Selenium employs browser-specific drivers.

Browsers - WebDriver helps various web browsers for testing and running applications.

Tutorial on Selenium automation testing WebDriver:

Install Java 8 or above - To install the latest recent version of the Java development kit.

Install and set up Eclipse or any other Java IDE of your choosing.

Scroll down to the "more downloads" area and select the most recent version. A zip file will appear. Unzip the file to a convenient location.

Get the Selenium WebDriver Java Client.

Check the Selenium official website.

Next, scroll down to the page to find Selenium Client as well as the WebDriver Language Bindings.

Click on "Download" to get the link for the Java Client Driver.

Unzip this file in a directory once it has been downloaded. It contains the Jar files needed to set up Selenium WebDriver inside the IDE.

Get the Browser driver - The automation script has to be browser-agnostic. Every Selenium-supported browser has driver files. These are required to run the scripts. Now, download the most recent driver file.

Setup WebDriver - This is the last step to establish the WebDriver in the Eclipse IDE. To put it simply, you establish a new Java project to house the Selenium test script. Name and choose the JRE that you want to use. Choose it and press the Finish button.

This Selenium Automation Testing guide must have given you a better understanding of Selenium and its mechanism. This exhaustive guide will help you learn how to utilize selenium with Python. This might act as a helpful article for tech enthusiasts who have recently started working with Selenium.

More About the Author

AutomationQA is the leading research firm that lists the best automation service providers from all across the world. At AutomationQA, we carefully assess and analyze the top automation consulting firms across the globe.

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