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Important Common Land Measurement Units In India

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By Author: Anusha Rana
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The area of landed property is referred to using a variety of names depending on the State across the country. It is usually advisable to be familiar with the typical land measurement unit used in India to understand a seller's offer better, how to land measurement, and the conditions outlined in the land records, as well as to estimate a plot's worth.
How is Land Measured in India?
The Land is measured in Normative units. Smaller parcels of Land, like residential lots, are typically measured in square feet or square meters. Still, larger parcels, like industrial or agricultural property, are typically defined in acres or hectares. Bigha, Guntha, Ground, Gaj, etc., are a few regional units used to measure Land in India. These measurements are still mostly made using traditional methods in villages where purchasers still prefer to do so.

Difference between a Plot and a Ground
A ground is a 2,400-square-foot piece of Land, whereas a plot measurement refers to any amount of Land, regardless of size. The dimension in-ground or square feet is typically included in the land documents where the Land ...
... is laid out in layouts.

A list of some of the common land measurement tables,

Unit of Area
Conversion Unit
1 Square Feet (sq ft)
144 sq in (1 foot is 12 inches)
1 Square Centimeter
0.00107639 sq ft
1 Square Inch
0.0069444 sq ft
1 Square Kilometer (sq km)
247.1 acres
1 Square Meter (sq m)
10.76391042 sq ft
1 Square Mile
640 acres or 259 hectares
1 Square Yard (sq yd)
9 sq ft
1 Acre
4840 square yards or 100 cents (standard unit to measure land)
1 Hectare
10000 sq m or 2.49 acres approximately
1 Bigha
968 sq yd
1 Biswa
151.25 sq yd
1 Killa
4840 sq yd
1 Ghumaon
4840 sq yd
1 Kanal
5445 sq ft. or 605 sq yd
1 Chatak
180 sq ft
1 Kattha
600 sq ft

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Finding the Area of your Property
Following the necessary construction of the required roads, parks, schools, hospitals, marketplaces, and other amenities, a piece of land is divided into residential plots. From the layout sketch, one can determine the number and size of the plots. If a property is being sold as a resale, the Sale Deed contains information on the property, including its location.

The area is typically specified in square feet when describing a residential property (sq ft). A property's area is stated in terms of acres or hectares when it is agricultural land. The land calculation is done by multiplying the length and width of the available land necessary to get the size of the land area measurement.

Land Measurement Units used in West India

States used in
1 Bigha
Bihar and parts of Rajasthan
Pucca 3025 sq yd
1 Bigha
Gujarat and parts of Rajasthan
1936 sq yd
1 Biswa
Upper parts of Rajasthan
Pucca 151.25 sq yd
1 Biswa
Lower parts of Rajasthan
96.8 sq yd
1 Biswansi
1/20 Biswa, 1 Biswa has 20 Biswansis

Land Measurement Units used in Central India

States used in
1 Bigha
Parts of Madhya Pradesh
1333.33 sq yd
1 Kattha
Madhya Pradesh
20 Kathas, 1 Bigha (MP), 600 square feet

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More About the Author

Anusha Rana is a real estate consultant at HonestBroker. Her work mainly focuses on giving the right advice to the buyer and Seller's and how she can improve the growth of real estate in current situation.

Total Views: 25Word Count: 495See All articles From Author

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