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Tips For Choosing The Best Laser Cutting System

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By Author: Steven Glassner
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You cannot discuss technological advancements without bringing up laser technology. The laser's ability to capture energy has been tremendous. The laser cutting machine is the main region where the laser establishes itself.

The Trumpf parts have established themselves as the best alternative to all other technologies because of their high precision and accuracy. So the Laser cutting equipment works incredibly quickly and with the highest precision. The laser cutting machine's engraving feature creates the latter information.

Working with metal, wood, glass, ceramics, paper, and stones is perfect for laser technology. The laser has several uses, in contrast to other cutting devices limited to single substrate applications. Let's look at some of the tips for choosing the best laser cutting system:

Lasers Resonator:
Any laser cutting device's heart is its laser resonator. Two mirrors are set up in a glass tube with their faces facing one another. Gases, including CO2, hydrogen, nitrogen, and helium, make up the tube.

The diodes that charge up ...
... this gas mixture then follow. This mixture may occasionally be charged using electric discharge as well. When gases are charged, energy is released through a laser beam.

Laser specifications:
A laser beam's diameter typically falls between 0.1mm and 0.3mm. Such beams have a 1 to 3 KW power range. It is possible to determine the machine's power by assessing the substrate material.

With 1 or 2 KW, you might complete your task of cutting steel or iron. However, you might wish to check for power beams of 6 KW for metals like copper and aluminum, which have high reflecting and conductive qualities.

If you were to examine its parts, the laser resonator and the cutting head would be the two main parts of a laser cutter.

Laser marking:
The laser does not fully penetrate the substrate material when performing a marking operation. Only the material's characteristics and appearance are altered. Always use the best Trumpf spare parts because the heat from the laser beam causes highly contrasted markings to appear on the substrate when it comes into contact with it.
Laser etching:
As the name suggests, laser engraving leaves a hollow on the surface after removing the material. Your information fills this cavity. Sharp impressions are produced by rapidly vaporizing the material after it has first melted due to the laser's heat.

The cutting head:
After the resonators emitted laser beam and reflected by well-placed internal mirrors, it travels in various directions. The laser beam is magnified and focussed on the object of interest after it has reached the cutting head.

This cutting head changes the laser beam into something that either engraves or cuts through the substrate material. The laser beam travels via a nozzle and pressurizes gases like oxygen or nitrogen before reaching the substrate.

The beam melts the substrate during the cutting or engraving process, followed by a nitrogen blowout. The mechanical component of the equipment that moves the cutting head across the substrate is assisted by chains and belts.

Various kinds of laser cutting devices are employed in the market:
Numerous laser cutting machines continue living depending on the variety of lasers utilized. As a result, the type of laser determines the substrate type and material thickness. The following are the three primary categories of laser cutters:

Crystal laser cutters:
Crystal laser cutters produce neodymium-doped yttrium ortho vanadate beams. These cutters can cut through some thicker materials since their wavelengths are shorter than those of CO2 laser cutters.

A smaller wavelength also aids in sharper focus and more intensity. These cutters' parts wear out due to their high power functionality, which is a downside.

CO2 Laser Cutters:
In addition to CO2, CO2 laser cutting equipment uses helium and nitrogen gas mixtures. Electric discharge charges up this particular gas mixture, which causes it to emit a laser beam. Such cutters have a wavelength of 10.6 mm.

The most popular and well-known laser from trumpf parts is an excellent CO2 model because they are effective and affordable.

Fiber Laser cutters:
Seed laser, amplified and enlarged utilizing unique optical fibers, is the forerunner of fiber laser. Solid-state laser is the moniker used by fiber laser cutters more frequently.

The cutting of reflective and conductive metals, a threefold increase in efficiency over CO2 laser cutters, and the lack of driving parts are just a few of this laser cutter's impressive advantages.

Both organic and inorganic materials can be treated with fiber lasers. Although highly similar to crystal lasers, fiber laser cutters are more effective and require less upkeep.

Summing it up:
You only need to look at the necessary specifications of the machines once you have determined the type of work you require from your device. Choose CO2 laser cutters and engravers from trumpf spare parts with a power range on the higher side if you need to operate with non-metals. However, you need to opt for fiber laser equipment if your demand accurately works on metals or reflective surfaces like steel or aluminum.

More About the Author

Steve M Glassner is the General Manager of Alternative Parts Inc, the leading manufacturer and distributor of Amada machinery replacement parts. Steve is a Machine Tools industry enthusiast and frequently writes about various aspects of the industry.

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