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What Are The Principles Of International Commercial Arbitration

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By Author: Priya Sahani
Total Articles: 13
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The practice of resolving business disputes between or among transnational parties through the employment of one or more arbitrators as opposed to the courts is known as International Commercial Arbitration (ICA). It requires the consent of the parties, which is typically expressed through the inclusion of an arbitration clause in the contract or business agreement. The choice or decision of the arbitrators is usually binding. One of the most common ways to settle disputes in international trade is through international commercial arbitration. Inter-state trade's growing importance and the connections it creates between businesses across borders aid in the growth of international dispute resolution procedures.

There are primarily three governing principles of ICA and these are -

1) Party Autonomy- Through arbitration, the parties are given a great deal of autonomy and influence over the dispute-resolution procedure. Because parties want to avoid being subjected to the jurisdiction of the legal system of the other party, this is especially crucial in international commercial arbitration. With arbitration, both ...
... parties can expect a fair hearing in a more impartial setting. International Commercial Arbitration is particularly appealing since it offers the flexibility to customise the dispute resolution process to the demands of the parties and the chance to choose arbitrators with expertise in the area of the dispute.
2) Separability and Kompetenz-Kompetenz - The arbitration provision is viewed as a separate agreement from the remainder of the contract between the parties under the autonomy doctrine of the arbitration clause, and as such, it may continue to exist even if the main contract is terminated, voided, or declared invalid. Another doctrine follows this one since it cannot stand alone. The Kompetenz-Kompetenz principle states that the arbitrator is free to choose their competence.

3) Enforceability - International transactions consist of the movement or arrangement of assets across borders and may involve organisations from many nations. It is crucial to make sure that in case of a dispute the judgement settling the issue is enforceable in all the nations impacted by the transaction. This principle of International Commercial Arbitration makes it easier for arbitral awards to be recognised and upheld internationally. It has been ratified by numerous governments, which substantially provides a standard and effective treatment of the enforcement of arbitral judgements.

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