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Make Water Fit For Human Consumption - Water Treatment Plant Essence In Sewage Treatment

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By Author: George Hartley
Total Articles: 11
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As we know there is water scarcity everywhere because of the significantly less availability of usable freshwater sources. However, 2/3rd part of the earth is covered with water. But those are salty ocean water and are unfit for human use and consumption. We have to rely upon the underground water source, rivers, lakes, and rainwater.

For water consumption and its utilization in the home, the water needs to be safe enough. The govt has covered so many steps to make sure that fresh, clean water is supplied to every individual. One of its contributions in this field is the settling of the Water Treatment Plant. 1st of all, you must become aware of the water treatment process.

Water Treatment Process

When you visit a nearby lake or river, you will be surprised to see many aquatic animals residing there. Unfortunately, their lives are in danger, deteriorating due to human interference. Humans release the sewage, municipal wastewater, industrial-factories release directly into the stream. Consequently, the water becomes acidic and warmer, making it difficult for these ...
... aquatic animals to thrive in this environment.

Wastewater needs to be treated in the Importir water treatment plants before releasing into the river streams. Water is cleaned, and disinfection steps are applied to make it usable and safer enough to drink at home.

Need of water treatment process

Water treatment is a very much important step if water is not treated correctly. It can make you sick. Since the river, lake water is polluted and are filled with many bacteria and germs, this must be removed before you utilize it. Water treatment centers present in the city or town disinfect and clean it, making it fit for human use. This center conducts multiples check to ensure that this water is safe for use.

Steps in the sewage water treatment plants

Drinking water is obtained from this river and lakes. They must be made clean, and it must be ensured that the drinking water source must not be contaminated, as it may cause sickness and waterborne disease from the waterborne germs. This water must go through the appropriate treatment to remove all the disease-causing agents.

Steps taken out by the Water Treatment Specialist for having the clean, safe water in these water treatment plants are as follows-

Coagulation and flocculation are the most vital and first steps of this process. In this, for neutralizing the negative charge present in the dust and dirt particles, certain positively charged particles are added to the water. In this process, the negative charges present in the dust and other particle matters are neutralized, and there is the formation of large particles called floc.

Sedimentation- this is the second process of wastewater treatment in which the floc, due to its high mass, settles down at the bottom, and this settling down of floc is said to be sedimentation process.

Filtration: After the settling of the floc to the bottom of the water, the top clean water is now allowed to go into the filters of sand, charcoal, and gravel. Dust and heavy particles are removed by this process.

Disinfection- after the filtration of water disinfectants like chlorine, ozone is used, which kills the germs, bacteria in the water, making it safe and drinkable. After all the above steps, this water is now piped to homes and businesses.

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