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How To Deal With Improper Or Unethical Peer Review – Pubrica

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Introduction
Functionality and quality of peer review
Peer review is now nearly universal in scholarly publications, and it is regarded as a necessary component of the publishing process. There is no agreement on what peer review is, what it is for, what distinguishes a 'good' review from a 'poor' review, or how even to begin to define 'quality review. Some publishers may have previously acquired, processed, and analysed peer review data internally to monitor and improve their processes. This may be a significant file drawer issue, as such information is only of little utility if solely utilised for personal reasons. Empirical data on a variety of aspects of the peer review process might be obtained, with different degrees of difficulty, to understand better how it works, including (2):
• The number of referee reports per article, how many rounds of peer review is there?
• Length of referee reports
• During the evaluation process, was code, data, and documents made available?
• Was any code, data, or materials accessible for inspection/analysis during the process?
• Who decides ...
... whether the reports should be available to the public when these choices are made, and what should be contained in them? (e.g. editorial comments)
• The percentage of papers that receive "desk rejects" versus "peer review rejections."
• What happens to submissions that are submitted?

Ethical Responsibilities of Editors and Reviewers
The Committee on Publishing Ethical (COPE) was established in 1997 to address research and publication ethics violations and provide a code of conduct for biomedical journals. It provides standards for writers, editors, editorial board members, readers, journal owners, and publishers to establish the best practice in scientific publishing ethics.
Double-blind peer review
Double-blind reviewing isn't any better than single-blind reviewing in any manner. The reviewer is still aware that he is working with competition and may feel compelled to correct all of the issues that have been noted.
Single-blind peer review
Peer review has all of the ethical issues that peer review has, plus one: the peer reviewer will be certain of the reviewed identity and may pursue a personal campaign based on past enmity. If the evaluated person is unlucky, his or her work will be reviewed by someone who actively dislikes him or her, resulting in an extremely bad evaluation.
Partial open review (single-blind)
The term "partial open review" refers to a review method in which the reviewer stays anonymous, but the review is made public. The reader of an article is aware of the reviewer's viewpoints and may determine if the review is fair. This is an improvement over the current method, which keeps both reviews and reviewers hidden.
Open review (no blind)
An open peer to peer review system has several advantages, one of which is that if a reviewer engages in unethical activity, they will face professional consequences. An open peer review is one in which neither the reviewer nor the reviewed are anonymous, and the reviews are made public.
Open review: blinded author
The reviewer is known to the reviewer, but the review is unknown to the reviewer in an honest review. This makes it far less likely that the reviewer will write a biased review as part of retribution. Unless textual evidence indicates otherwise, the reviewer cannot be confident that he is criticising the work of someone he hates. It's the polar opposite of the typical evaluation, and it offers its own set of benefits (5).
Conclusion
Peer review is a complex and multifaceted process, and it's quite conceivable that we overlooked some crucial aspects. Peer review is not a stand-alone mechanism but an integral element of a complex, changing ecological system. It's possible to apply what has been done to other peer reviews, such as grants and clinical trials.
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Pubrica is premier online editing, publication and writing guidance & assistance services based in the UK and India. A global leader in comprehensive manuscript publication support service for academic and scientific journals and articles, we provide a wide range of services that include academic, scientific, business, medical, and technology, regulatory writing, Clinical Report Forms (CRF), biostatistics, manuscripts, business writing, physician reports, thesis, medical writing, and more. We assist medical doctors, students, hospitals, pharma, and device manufacturers in their quest for a credible writing partner. Our team of experts consists of over 200 academic luminaries, industry veterans in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) and medicine who work on 170 topics of research. All writers are certified by American Medical Writing Association (AMWA) and the European Medical Writing Association (EMWA). OUR SERVICES ARE: 1. Scientific Medical Writing Services - http://pubrica.com/services/physician-writing-services/ 2. Scientific Editing Services - http://pubrica.com/sevices/editing-and-translation/ 3. Scientific Publication Support Services - http://pubrica.com/services/publication-support/ 4. Scientific Research Support Services - http://pubrica.com/sevices/research-services/ 5.Scientific Communication Support Services - http://pubrica.com/sevices/scientific-communication/ 6. Biostatistical Programming Services - http://pubrica.com/services/research-services/biostatistics-and-statistical-programming-services/ Contact: United kingdom : +44-1143520021 india : +91 9884350006 Visit : http://pubrica.com/ Email : sales@pubrica.com

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