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How To Formulate A Researchable Question Based On Picos – Pubrica

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Introduction
A researchable question can be challenged, investigated, and analysed to provide valuable knowledge about an issue. A successful research experiment is determined by how well an author formulates the research issue in light of everyday research and clinical practice issues. The research project’s fundamental issues provide crucial details for determining whether the subject is appropriate, researchable, and meaningful(2). A well-formulated research question necessitates excessive detail and precision, which guides the project’s execution while identifying variables and the population of interest. We’ll go through a clinical situation and see how clinical problems emerge and how they will help us with the facts we need to address our question.
Formulating the research question
Case
A 2-year-old boy with a fever and severe pain in his right ear visits an emergency doctor. His mother is concerned that he has been on the antibiotic amoxicillin for the last two weeks, and he has a history of chronic ear infections. She is worried about the long-term effects of antibiotic use. She’s still ...
... worried about the consequences of chronic ear infections.
This case raises several questions, which can be divided into two categories: history and foreground. “Background Queries” are generic questions about a health condition or illness. These problems usually include comparing two objects, such as two medications or treatments, or two diagnostic processes, etc.
Population or problem- Addressing a specific population, its important characteristics and demographic information. You may classify the paediatric population with otitis media, the age group, sex, presenting complaint, and experience from the above example from the above case.
Intervention or treatment of interest- Treatments, procedures, laboratory tests, and risk or prognostic variables are also examples of interventions. The intervention in this situation could be your treatment strategy for the patient, including new medication, a screening test, a prognostic factor, or a procedure. E.g., based on your observations in a clinic, cefuroxime is a safer therapeutic choice for otitis media than amoxicillin. Still, you are unsure about its effectiveness in paediatric otitis media patients.
Comparator or control- when a new treatment is linked to one that still exists
Outcome- The intervention’s result is known as the outcome—for example, its ability to manage discomfort. As a result, in the example above, the effect may be pain relief, infection resolution, or a reduction in the risk of developing resistance. A successful primary outcome should be simple to quantify, specific, valid, reproducible, and appropriate to your research issue.
In a traditional clinical environment, a clinician must be aware of context and foreground questions based on their knowledge of a specific condition and treatment. More background questions are presented after history questions are asked. Medical considerations emerge from a clinical work’s central problems. For instance, determining the causes or risk factors (etiological questions), evaluating diagnostic measures based on sensitivity and specificity (diagnostic question), determining the best treatment choices (therapeutic question), and the treatment outcome (prognostic question) (3).
Importance of PICO question
The PICO question is a different way of thinking about clinical issues that emerge in health care. These questions, unlike informational questions, are very complex and can be difficult to formulate. They are made up of particular elements or principles that have a specific role in the evidence-based process.
The PICO Formula
The fact that this procedure is known as formulating is no coincidence. When you ask a PICO question, you’re building a formula that accomplishes many goals (4):
• Define the elements or ideas in the query to help focus it.
• Used to determine which publications in a search retrieval better answer the query • Defines the principles that would be used when running a complex literature search
• Assists in determining whether the studies found to answer the initial question’s components.
Conclusion
A well-formulated research topic is a good place to proceed when doing a good study or practising evidence-based medicine. A clinician should use the process outlined in this paper to formulate a question and look for a response, and a researcher can use it to create a new research project. The traditional method is first to classify a research question, then do a detailed literature review using the PICO criteria. If the research question is well-defined, it will lead to a good study design and methodology.

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Pubrica is premier online editing, publication and writing guidance & assistance services based in the UK and India. A global leader in comprehensive manuscript publication support service for academic and scientific journals and articles, we provide a wide range of services that include academic, scientific, business, medical, and technology, regulatory writing, Clinical Report Forms (CRF), biostatistics, manuscripts, business writing, physician reports, thesis, medical writing, and more. We assist medical doctors, students, hospitals, pharma, and device manufacturers in their quest for a credible writing partner. Our team of experts consists of over 200 academic luminaries, industry veterans in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) and medicine who work on 170 topics of research. All writers are certified by American Medical Writing Association (AMWA) and the European Medical Writing Association (EMWA). OUR SERVICES ARE: 1. Scientific Medical Writing Services - http://pubrica.com/services/physician-writing-services/ 2. Scientific Editing Services - http://pubrica.com/sevices/editing-and-translation/ 3. Scientific Publication Support Services - http://pubrica.com/services/publication-support/ 4. Scientific Research Support Services - http://pubrica.com/sevices/research-services/ 5.Scientific Communication Support Services - http://pubrica.com/sevices/scientific-communication/ 6. Biostatistical Programming Services - http://pubrica.com/services/research-services/biostatistics-and-statistical-programming-services/ Contact: United kingdom : +44-1143520021 india : +91 9884350006 Visit : http://pubrica.com/ Email : sales@pubrica.com

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