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British East India Rules On Asia And Pacific

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By Author: Souvik Roy
Total Articles: 4
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British East India Company rules on India:


British domination in India dated to the 1700s when the East India Company established forts and trading posts. India’s once-mighty Mughal (Mogul) Empire-founded in the early 1500s by Babur, a Muslim conqueror of Turkish and Mongol ancestry-had fractured as Hindus re- belled, leaving local rulers to contend with the British. In 1757 British forces ousted the ruler of Bengal, who accused of killing British prisoners by confining them to a dungeon in Calcutta called
the Black Hole and replaced him with a compliant ruler, setting a precedent for the takeover of other Indian states. In 1857 the British Army put down a mutiny by Indian troops called sepoys and imposed direct imperial rule. India provided Britain with cotton and other raw materials and served as a market for British manufactured goods such as cotton fabric, exported to India in such quantity that its native textile industry withered. Among the items British traders exported from India was opium,
British East India Company rules on China:
British East India Company started rules on china. ...
... When China tried to halt that trade in 1839, British gunships intervened and crushed the antiquated Chinese fleet. China
British East India Company started rules on china. When China tried to halt that trade in 1839, British gunships intervened and crushed the antiquated Chinese fleet. China forcing to sign a treaty legalizing the opium trade and granting Britain control of Hong Kong. This blatant exercise of imperial which was then sold illegally in China. The power came as a humiliating blow to China’s own emperor. Qing dynasty had supplanted the Ming dynasty in the 17th century when Manchurian invaders called Manchus took power.
to sign a treaty legalizing the opium trade and granting Britain control of Hong Kong. This blatant exercise of imperial which was then sold illegally in China, the power came as a humiliating blow to China’s own emperor, whose Qing dynasty had supplanted the Ming dynasty in the 17th century when Manchurian invaders called Manchus took power.
The Manchus further discredited in 1900 by the Boxer Rebellion, an uprising against foreigners that ended when foreign troops intervened. With China debilitated, European powers were free to occupy Southeast Asia. Britain took Burma and Malaysia, France claimed Indochina, and the Dutch expanded their control over the East Indies.

How Japan defeat East India Company
Japan escaped foreign domination by becoming an imperial power itself. Shocked when an American fleet entered Tokyo Bay (known then as Edo Bay) in 1853 to demand access, the Japanese restored imperial rule under Emperor Meiji and modernized their society by industrializing and building powerful armed forces that defeated China in 1895 and occupied Taiwan and other territories.
His imperial land grabs extended to remote Pacific islands when Captain James Cook explored for Britain. Many islands in the Pacific were too small for major colonization efforts such as Brit- ain undertook in Australia and New Zealand, settled in the early 1800s de- spite of opposition from the indigenous Maoris. But imperial powers seeking naval bases or trading stations in the Pacific competed even for tiny islands. France took over the Marquesas and made Tahiti a colony. Germany vied for control of Samoa and purchased the Carolines and Marianas from Spain. The U.S. annexed Hawaii and then seized the Philippines and Guam from Spain in a war fought over Cuba in 1898.
FAST FACT :Australia’s Aborigines, who had occupied that continent for more than 30,000 years, lost half their population within 50 years of the arrival of British colonists in 1788.

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