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The Antibiotic Resistance Crises
The United Nations has issued a warning that common diseases will become untreatable. The report cautioned nations that unless fundamental changes took place, the drug-resistance disease could kill over 10 million people by 2050.
Drug resistance occurs when we overuse antibiotics to treat animals or humans and plants. When a new antibiotic is introduced in the market it shows significant results are visible in the beginning. But bacteria adapt and the antibiotic becomes less effective. Doctors are unsure of how to treat the disease.
Antibiotic resistance has emerged to be one of the biggest threats. Anyone can sign of antibiotic resistance. Diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, gonorrhea, and salmonellosis become harder to treat as the antibiotics prescribed to treat them become less effective. Antibiotic resistances lead to longer stays in the hospital, increased medical costs, and mortality.
The WHO released data collected from 114 countries, showed that the antibiotic resistance is much worse where there were fewer restrictions on antibiotics. Antibacterial resistance that emerges in one country can easily spread to another country. Inappropriate use of antibiotics for minor ailments such as a cold is the biggest reason for antibiotics. Food manufacturers inject poultry and livestock with antibiotics and improperly disposed of antibiotics has resulted in antibiotics entering our food chain. Researchers have found pharmaceutical contamination in the River Yamuna. Water samples in and around the Delhi NCR region shows a concentration of dissolved drugs.
Doctors are worried that the present Covid-19 crises could increase antibiotic resistance. Though COVID-19 is a virus, many people are taking antibiotics themselves to protect themselves. Many patients are being treated with antibiotics to prevent secondary infections. We have put all research on antibiotics on hold. There are fears that antibiotic research could fall years behind. Antibiotic researchers fear that different antibiotic resistance bacteria can further stretch the health care system already reeling under the Covid-19 crises. They are urging governments to increase spending on antibiotic research. Antibiotics could be as important as face masks and protective gowns. Previous scientific literature from the Spanish flu shows that 100 million deaths was because of bacterial infection affecting already weakened lungs.
Steps to prevent antibiotic crises:
• Washing your hand regularly can help you to fight germs and prevent infections. Avoid close contact with sick people, practice safe sex, and keep up to date with all immunizations.
• Be vigilant if you are showing symptoms of an infection. If you think you have an infection and are not improving, talk to the best doctor in Mumbai.
• Don’t hesitate to ask the doctor near me questions about the antibiotics Ask them about side-effects. If admitted in a hospital or nursing home ask them how they keep their facilities safe and prevent further infection.
• Not all infections need antibiotics. Don’t demand antibiotics.
• Only take antibiotics when prescribed by the doctor near me. Complete the entire course of antibiotics even if you feel better.
• Avoid sharing or using leftover antibiotics.
• Foods such as meat, fruits, and vegetables can get contaminated with bacteria. Experts recommend four steps to prepare food safely at home. Eat hygienically prepared food, keep raw and cooked food separately, cook food thoroughly, and use clean water and raw material. Opt for food produced without antibiotics.
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