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Ai, The Next Drive Computer Science

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By Author: ramya
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AI, the next drive
Computer science has come up with its next new innovation. It is creating machines which are
intelligent and can work, think, and give reactions like human beings. Thus, it is creating
intelligent digital computers and computer controlled robots which will try to imitate humans.
AI focuses on many Aspects of humans like self learning by the machines, speech recognition,
planning, solving problems etc. AI machines will be able to reason out things, learn by
themselves, and also take corrective measures to rectify any errors.
Artificial Intelligence is of two types. The first type is based on the kind of intelligent thinking and
working that the machine can do. The second type is based on the kind of functions that AI
machines can perform.
Based on Intelligence
There are two sub categories in this. The first is called the Weak AI or Narrow AI. For example,
a game is fed into the computer. It has all the rules, regulations, scoring, and moves required to
win the game. All possible moves that humans can make in the game are also fed into the
system. It competes against the inputs given by humans to win the win the game.
This is a weak AI as it is very limited intelligence and there is no scope of rectification during the
playing of the game or any process. Yet, the machine appears smarted than the human being
because it already knows what can be possibly done.
On the other hand, the strong AI is very intelligent. It can actually think and work very closely
like a human being. Such machines do not have any pre fed information, data, or moves by
which to compare inputs and outputs.
Based on Functions
The first in this category is the basic Reactive Machine. There is no past data or information, so
it cannot access any past memory in order to do any tasks in the future.
The Limited Memory AI machines have past information to perform any actions in the future.
Certain short term observations are made in these machines and are not stored as permanent
memory. These observations are used to solve problems or take decisions in the very
immediate future.
The Theory of Mind AI, as clearly understood by the name, deals with human emotions,
thoughts, beliefs etc. It also is able to socially interact with the user.
The last in this category is the super intelligent AI machine. It is self aware and self conscious
just like a human being. Work is on in this field and success is yet awaited.
There are also many ways through which AI can be achieved in machines. It can happen
through the new concept of Machine Learning where a machine learns on its own to improve
itself. The machine is trained to learn the steps to reach the output itself by itself. It also uses

the NPL or the natural language processing. In this natural languages of speech And text are
automatically manipulated by the machines. There are fields of robotics and Autonomous
vehicles as well.
Thus, Artificial Intelligence and intelligent computers are the next drive in the field of technology.

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