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2 Types Of Stroke You Should Know About

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By Author: vivek choudhary
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A stroke is engendered when the supply of blood to a part of your brain is reduced or interrupted thereby leading to the deprivation of oxygen and nutrients in the brain tissue. In a matter of a few minutes, the cells of brain start dying. A stroke, as per a neurologist in Gurgaon, is considered to be a medical emergency and immediate medical intervention is crucial. With early action, it’s possible to lessen damage and potential complications to the brain.
• According to a top neurologist in Gurgaon, the two prime causes of stroke are:
o A clogged artery leading to ischemic stroke
o A leakage in or bursting of a blood vessel leading to hemorrhagic stroke
• A number of people are found to experience transient ischemic attack (TIA) characterized by an impermanent disruption in the flow of blood to the brain.
• As a matter of fact, TIA doesn’t give rise long-term damage.
1. Ischemic stroke
• Ischemic stroke comprises nearly 80 percent of the overall incidents of stroke reported so far.
• Ischemic stroke is engendered when the blood flow to the brain is reduced substantially because of a blockage or narrowing of arteries that carry blood to the brain, a condition known as ischemia.
• Most commonly found ischemic strokes, according to the best neurosurgeon in Gurgaon, include the following.
o Thrombotic stroke
 The occurrence of a thrombotic stroke is brought into being with the formation of a blood clot or thrombus in one of the arteries that are responsible for supplying blood to the brain.
 A thrombus may be caused because of the buildup of fatty deposits called plaque.
 With the development of a thrombus, blood flow through the arteries is significantly reduced leading to a condition called atherosclerosis.
o Embolic stroke
 The condition of an embolic stroke takes shape when a blood clot or other types of debris are formed away from the brain.
 In most common scenarios, the blood clot is formed in the heart and is transported to narrowed brain arteries through your main bloodstream.
 As the name suggests, such types of blood clot are known as embolus.
2. Hemorrhagic stroke
• With the leakage or rupture of a blood vessel in your brain, hemorrhagic stroke develops.
• As stated by a leading neurosurgeon in Gurgaon, there are many factors responsible for causing a brain hemorrhage.
• These include:
o Hypertension or unrestrained high blood pressure
o An overdose of blood-thinning medications, also known as anticoagulants
o Aneurysms or weak areas along the lining of blood vessels
• In addition, hemorrhage is rarely caused by the breakage of an unusual tangle of thinly lined blood vessels, a condition known as arteriovenous malformation.
• A hemorrhagic stroke, as said by a neurologist treatment expert includes the following types.
o Intracerebral hemorrhage
 This type of hemorrhagic stroke happens with the bursting of a blood vessel and its subsequent scattering into the adjacent brain tissue.
 As a consequence, damage is incurred by the brain cells.
 Also, brain cells located away from the area of leakage also get damaged and deprived of blood.
 Intracerebral hemorrhage is also caused because of:
• Hypertension or high blood pressure
• Traumatic injuries
• Vascular malformations
• Excessive use of blood thinners
o Subarachnoid hemorrhage
 This type of hemorrhage is caused because of the rupture of an artery situated on or adjacent to the surface of your brain.
 Because of subarachnoid hemorrhage, the spilling of blood takes place within the space between the skull and the surface of your brain.
 Every so often, the hemorrhage is indicated by the occurrence of a severe headache all of a sudden.
 In the most common scenarios, subarachnoid hemorrhage is caused because of the bursting of a berry-shaped or a tiny sac-like aneurysm.
 Once the hemorrhage comes into being, erratic widening and narrowing of the blood vessels in the brain start happening.
 This condition, known as vasospasm, causes marked damage to the brain cells by significantly restricting the blood flow.
At Paras, one of the best hospitals in Gurgaon, the stroke team takes in doctors from the following specialties.
• Cerebrovascular neurologists having expertise in treating blood vessel and brain conditions
• Endovascular surgical neuroradiologists having brain blood vessel imaging know-how
• Vascular neurosurgeons who conduct blood vessel brain surgery
• General physicians
• Emergency medicine
• Physiatrists or rehabilitation experts
All of them work jointly to provide you with the care that meets your desired needs.

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