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Internet Protocol

By Author: Sherry Roberts
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Internet protocol is the main communication protocol in the Internet protocol suite for transmission of datagrams from one network to another. It has the main function of enabling Internetworking and establishing the Internet. It is the basic method in which data moves from one computer to another on the Internet. IP allows the user to address a package and drop it in a system having no direct connection between the user of the Internet and the recipient. There two versions of IP; namely IPv4 and IPv6.
Current Rate of adoption of IPv6
IPv6 is more efficient, secure, and mobile friendly than IP v4. However, the rate of adoption of IPv6 is on the rise though not satisfactory. According to the projections released in 2014, there is a possibility of having approximately 10 percent of all the global Internet traffic in Google, Facebook, and Yahoo using IPv6. It translates to a rate of growth and adoption reaching double digits (10 %). (Internet Society, 2014) However, there are many concerns as to the rate of adoption which some term it as slow thereby having a full adoption prediction time as 2148 (Koetsier, 2013). The major challenges to the adoption of IPv6 are the cost of the transition, technical and design hurdles, and lack of IPv6 content. The high cost of the transition in Unites States is a major hindrance to the fast adoption of the new version of IP. The issue of technical and design hurdles is as a result of the complexity of the technology. The version of IP requires a high processor and memory allocation device to support its applications (Yadav, Abad, Shah & Kaul, 2012).

Figure 1: Hindrances to IPv6 Adoption

Figure 2: IpV6 Adoption timeline

Figure 3: IPv6 Adoption Rates;
Time and Cost Estimates made by NIST
The National Institute of Standards and Technology estimates that the rollout of IPv6 will take 25 years and have a cost of approximately 25 billion U.S dollars (Beijnum, 2014). NIST explains that the shift to IPv6 allows tremendous and unlimited growth at a reasonable cost. The Internet faces a situation in which the current numbering system (IPv4) has a limitation of only 4.3 billion numbers (Beijnum, 2014). Thus, it is likely that the addresses will deplete off after some time. Statistics shows that the current rate of absorption of the IPv4 is at an approximate of 300 million numbers annually. Thus, the deadline for the numbers will soon come.
NIST estimates that the new version of IP will lead to cost reduction due to improved security and increased efficiency. Thus, it is necessary to adopt it as fast as possible to enjoy the underlying benefits. I think the cost and time estimates by NIST bear out since the technology associated with IPv6 is costly to install and also the rate of adoption is slow. Thus, the estimates match the status of the present condition of the IPv6 technology. The costs are at high, but the expected benefits will compensate it.
Is IPv6 worth the efforts?
According to the characteristics of IPv6, it is worth the effort since it offers improved efficiency, security, and is more mobile-friendly. Thus, its benefits outweigh the use of the older IP version (IPv4). Also, IP v6 has adequate and unique IP addresses for “every atom on the surface of the Earth” and other equal Earth-like planets (Koetsier, 2013). It depicts of the improved efficiency since every smart device on IPv6 can have its IP address. The only challenge in the use of IPv6 is that the two computer (or devices) communicating over the Internet must have IPv6 enabled and configured. The same should be the case for the router, firewall, and the load balancer between them. Thus, the process of deploying IPv6 is challenging, but the benefits are incomparable.
IPv6 assigns the IP addresses in an organized manner and also provides route aggregation. The strategy ensures that the network layer IP addresses are assigned in a hierarchical way making them geographically significant. Route aggregation is effective in allowing grouping of routes in an orderly manner. The move helps to reduce the size of the routing table and also the load on the network devices. Its significance is the reduction in the consumption of the system resources (Savitz, 2011).
The new version of IP provides huge expansion of the addresses, and it is not likely to be inexhaustible. Thus, the new version of IP (IPv6) is worth its efforts. The new version allows mobility (Savitz, 2011). The feature allows the provision of many IP addresses to every network interface. An example is the International roaming feature in mobile phones. The device can identify the most suitable IP address depending on its location. Another key feature that makes its efforts worthy is the increased security. IPv6 has an inbuilt security feature called IPSec that eliminates the need of having a Network Address Translation (NAT). The new version of IT does not allow broadcasting. Thus, it limits the excess broadcast traffic by sending only multicast messages.

Aman Yadav, Pushkar Abad, and Harsh Shah, Abhijit Kaul (2012) IPv6 protocol adoption in the U.S: Why is it slow?
Beijnum L. (2014) IPv6 adoption starting to add up to real numbers: 0.6 percent;
Eric Savitz (2011) Time to embrace IPv6, Not to Run from it;
Internet Society (2014) Prediction: IPv6 adoption hit double digits in 2014;
John Koetsier (2013) At our current rate of progress, IPv6 will be fully implemented by 2148.

Carolyn Morgan is the author of this paper. A senior editor at Melda Research in custom research paper service if you need a similar paper you can place your order for a custom research paper from nursing writing services.

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Author is associated with MeldaResearch.Com which is a global Custom Essay Writing and Term Paper Writing Company. If you would like help in Research Papers and Term Paper Help you can visit Custom Writing Service

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