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Flutter Vs. React Native

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By Author: shahfaisal
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With the increase in the demand for mobile applications, a large number of enterprises are shifting their focus towards mobile app development.

Introduction of new technologies, platforms, and frameworks is allowing mobile app developers to create revolutionary mobile apps.

Cross-Platform App Development has gained a lot of popularity in recent times as it enables developers to develop apps for multiple platforms like Android, iOS, Windows with a single code base.

React Native is one of the most famous Cross Platform for mobile app development introduced by Facebook and it has one of the largest active developers community.

However, Google introduced its own Software Development Kit (SDK) Flutter at Google I/O Developer Conference 2017.

So today we will be focusing on the comparison of the two frameworks –

What is Flutter?
Flutter is crafted for high-quality interfaces for iOS and Android in record time which is Google’s mobile app SDK.

Flutter is a free and open-source tool that works with the existing code and is gaining popularity with time.

Flutter helps in

Fast development
Flutter has Hot Reload functionalities which brings your app to life in milliseconds. It also helps in building native interfaces with its customizable widgets.

Expressive and flexible design
With fast deliver features focus on native end-users experiences. Full customization is achieved for its layered architecture which helps in the flexible design and fast rendering.

Native performance
It’s widgets contain all essential platform differences together with scrolling, navigation, icons, and fonts to provide complete native performance on both iOS and Android.

React is a JavaScript library which is efficient, flexible and declarative for developing user interfaces. It lets the developer compose complicated UIs of small and isolated pieces of code referred to as “components”.

React features
Components − It’ll assist you to maintain your code while working on large-scale projects. React is all about components.
Unidirectional data flow and Flux − React implements unidirectional data flow using Flux which is an application architecture that helps to keep your data unidirectional.
Community support for React Native
React native was developed by Facebook in 2013.

The solution to most common problems is listed in the React Native documentations and guides.

There are also a lot of developers in the community forums which are making key contributions to the problems being faced by users and assisting them.

You can also make contributions to the community by examining the contributor’s manual and then checking the Roadmap to analyze what other people are working on. You can also look for the most popular features that are being asked in the community.

Community support for Flutter
Flutter documentation is sufficient to help you get started with app development.

Flutter Gallery has showcased all the Flutter components on its website or you can also refer to Fluter’s GitHub repository for implementation.

Flutter’s network isn’t as strong as the one for React native. However, the assistance offered via the Flutter group at Google is really good.

They offer many methods to post your problems.

Technology Stack
React Native is a JavaScript library, while Flutter is an SDK that works on a completely different programming language called Dart.

JavaScript was initially created only for web development, but nowadays this language with its numerous additional libraries has grown so huge that there are only a handful of areas that are without its presence.

React Native compiles its dynamic JavaScript code to native view at runtime. The rest of the code runs in the additional virtual machine that is packaged inside the app itself.

Dart is a general-purpose programming language that was developed by Google. It can be used to build web, server, and mobile apps and for IoT devices as well.

Dart is influenced by many different languages. The strongest among these influences would be of Java. A Java programmer can easily notice similarities between these two languages.

Dart is an object-oriented programming language and supports things like abstraction, encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism.

Dart programs can run in one of these two modes:

Checked modes

In this dynamic type, assertions are enabled. These type assertion can turn on if static types are provided in the code. The checked mode is recommended for development and testing as it is helpful in catching errors in your code when types do not match.

Production modes

It is the default mode of all Dart programs. It provides a faster way to run your program.

Although Dart has a strong community presence, it is still overshadowed by other mainstream languages like JavaScript and hence very few developers even know about Dart.

Flutter has a functional-reactive framework that is inspired by React.

Though Flutter is written in Dart, it also takes the best features of React and helps the developers build a beautiful, cross-platform mobile app.

User Interface of React Native
Using React Native is similar to using HTML without any CSS framework.

Unlike Flutter App, in React Native we had to use third-party libraries since React Native does not have a UI components library of its own.

We need to use components such as React Native Elements, React Native Material Design, Shoutem, and other UI libraries that are available to the user.

User Interface of Flutter
Flutter has its own UI components, along with an engine to render them on Android as well as in the iOS platform. Most of this component conform to the guidelines of Material Design.

Flutter has inbuilt components for the UI development of the app. These components are called widgets. Here, we only had to use the right widgets and pass the right props to the widgets to get the desired UI for the screen.

Every widget in the Flutter is defined by its own properties and can be nested inside other components. Widgets can also call upon the properties of its parent components.

In React Native, we can bridge native modules as well as using native UI components. But this is not possible in Flutter since Flutter has its own rendering engine.

Here are a few examples of Flutter Widgets

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More About the Author

I am shah Faisal working in VT Netzwelt software pvt.ltd company as Sr.SEO/PPC analyst.

Total Views: 48Word Count: 955See All articles From Author

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