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Eco-friendly Methods Of Power Generation
Global warming has shown us its wrath. The summers are hotter, the weathers are extreme, and the sea levels are rising. All of this has resulted in the flooding of coastal areas, the proliferation of diseases and ecological disturbances. This phenomenon can wipe off the entire human race. Several countries have understood this and have started taking countermeasures.
When it comes to power generation, every country has made the goal of going green a priority. Traditionally several countries used coal for power generation. The problem with coal is that it emits carbon dioxide, which is a greenhouse gas. Greenhouse gases are one of the biggest contributors to global warming. To solve this problem, countries are adopting different eco-friendly power generation methods. We have written this blog to tell you about the power generation methods being used in India. So, here are the various eco-friendly methods being used by power generation companies in India.
Solar power is one of the fastest-growing energy sources. Solar power harnesses the sun's energy to produce electricity. The magnitude of solar energy available in India makes it an appealing source of energy. The PV cells that are used to generate solar energy lacked efficiency. But that is not the case anymore. Their efficiency has been increasing, thanks to new technologies. All of this makes solar power a favourite among power generation companies.
Wind power is the conversion of wind energy into electricity. It uses turbines to convert wind energy into electricity. Among all the power generation methods, wind power has the least effect on the environment. In India, as of now (date of writing), the total wind power generation capacity is 36.62 GW. India ranks fourth in the world for installed wind power capacity. Besides, wind power costs in India have been reducing swiftly.
The use of hydropower to generate electricity is called hydroelectric power. In remote areas, it is a popular energy source. It has little to no impact on the environment. In almost all cases, it doesn't act as an obstacle to fish migration. India ranks as the 7th largest hydroelectric power producer in the world. India has 44,594 MW of hydroelectric power generation capacity.
Biomass energy is the energy that comes from plants and animals. Fundamentally it contains energy from the sun. Plants require this energy for photosynthesis. Hence, plants absorb and store this energy. As the biomass is burned, it releases energy in the form of heat. Biomass can be burned directly, or it can be converted to fuel or gaseous state before burning it.
Tidal energy is using energy generated from tides into electricity. This energy isn't widely used. But, it possesses the capacity to be the potential for being a major source of energy production in future. It is because the tides are more predictable than the sun and the wind. The Gujarat government in India is about to develop the first tidal project. Rs. 25 crores have been approved by the state government to set up a 50 MW plant at the Gulf of Kutch. The capacity of the plant shall be increased to 200 MW later. It is predicted that the country has a potential for 8000 MW of tidal power generation.
India has responded to the challenge of global warming in a manner that is noteworthy. The future of power generation in India is bright and green. Numerous power generation companies in India have a great contribution to creating this future.
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