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What Is A P.i.v.d Or Prolapsed Disc ?

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By Author: Ambika Nayak
Total Articles: 22
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The term PIVD /prolapsed disc suggests that the protrusion or extrusion of the nucleus pulposus through a rent within the annulus fibrosus.

It has a four stages-

Bulging- At this early stage, the disc is stretched and does not utterly come back to its traditional form once pressure is alleviated. It retains a small bulge at one aspect of the disc. a number of the inner disc fibres may well be torn and therefore the soft jelly ( nucleus pulposus ) is spiling outward into the disc fibres however not out of the disc.

Protrusion- At this stage, the bulge is incredibly outstanding and therefore the soft jelly centre has spilled bent the inner fringe of the outer fibres, barely command in by the remaining disc fibres.
Extrusion- within the case of a herniated spinal disc, the soft jelly has utterly spilled out of the disc and currently sticking out out of the disc fibres.

Sequestration- Here a number of the jelly material is gap removed from the disc into the encircling space.

Prolapsed disc (commonly referred to as a 'slipped disc'), a disc doesn't really 'slip'.
What happens is that a {part of}} the inner softer part of the disc (the nucleus pulposus) bulges out (herniates) through a weakness within the outer part of the disc.

A PIVD / Prolapsed Inter Vertebral Disc is typically referred to as a rupture. The bulging disc might go on near structures like a nerve returning from the neural structure. Some inflammation additionally develops round the prolapsed a part of the disc. Any disc within the spine will prolapse.
However, most prolapsed discs occur within the body part a part of the spine (lower back). the scale of the prolapsed will vary. As a rule, the larger the prolapse, the a lot of severe the symptoms are doubtless to be.


Understanding the Back

The spine is formed from several bones referred to as vertebrae. These are roughly circular and between every vertebra may be a 'disc'.

The discs are product of robust 'rubber-like' tissue that permits the spine to be fairly versatile. A disc incorporates a stronger fibrous outer half, and a softer jelly-like middle half referred to as the nucleus pulposus.

The neural structure, that contains the nerves that come back from the brain, is protected by the spine. Nerves from the neural structure begin from between the vertebrae to require and receive messages to numerous elements of the body. robust ligaments attach to the vertebrae. These provide further support and strength to the spine. numerous muscles additionally surround, and are hooked up to, numerous elements of the spine.

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