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Disorders Of The Veins And Arteries
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Comparing disorders of veins and arteries show that is likely hood of the link between the two. Some conditions of arteries disorder are similar to vein disorder, on the other hand, some artery disorders show some differences to those of veins. At same time the two also reveal some differences
Similarities between Venous and Arterial thrombosis
Most vascular complications share common risk factors. Most common risk factors include age, diabetes mellitus, obesity, metabolic syndrome, hypertriglyceridemia, and blood hypertension. Several examples that contribute towards venous and arterial thrombosis include antiphospholipid, antibody syndrome, use of hormonal treatment, malignancies, hyperhomocysteinemia and infections (Lodha, Haran, Frankel, & Shani, 2009). According to recent studies, patients with venous thromboembolism have high risks of suffering from arterial thrombotic complications. The inference reveals that venous and arterial complications are simultaneously triggered by similar biological stimuli which are responsible for activating inflammatory and coagulation paths (Smadja, Gaussem, Roncal, Fischer, Emmerich, & Darnige, 2010).
Differences between Venous and Arterial thrombosis
Venous and arterial thrombotic disorders are considered different conditions because of their anatomical differences. Venous and arterial thrombotic disorders also are characterized by distinct clinical presentations. Specifically, arterial thrombosis is associated with a symptom that indicates large activation of clotting system. The patient is suffering arterial fibrillation as well as coronary artery system of patients having myocardial infarction show some traits of the left arterial appendage (Smadja, Gaussem, Roncal, Fischer, Emmerich, & Darnige, 2010). Treatments provided to patients with arterial thrombosis include the use of anticoagulant drugs. They have revealed better and effective results in preventing of coronary artery disease. In venous disease, platelets are also associated with the role of formation of thrombi, especially in venous systems. As opposed to arterial disease the most appropriate treatment agents applied include the use of antiplatelet agents which have shown effective and efficient prevention of venous disorder (Lijfering, Veeger, Brouwer, Van, & Van, 2007).
Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) and Atherosclerosis
Most of the venous thrombotic events are most common in individuals who have encountered most of the factors that trigger risk factors such as surgery and trauma. On the other hand arterial thrombotic is frequent in patients who have encountered events such as atherosclerosis.
One of assessment considered is determining adequate tissue. The procedure involved includes comparing upper and lower tissues, comparing bilateral, distal and proximal spine as well as the dependent changes. Major areas of assessment may include circulation process by determining various pulse means perfusion. Various check points assessed include Carotid, Capillary refill, femoral, posterior tibial and dorsal pedos (Lijfering, Ten, Sprenger, & Van, 2006). Another assessment includes checking the motion of blood by determining if muscle needs extra oxygen. Finally, the doctor should analyze patient’s sensations symptoms such as pain, burning, numbness, and proprioception. Corresponding arterial insufficiencies include patients skin appear cool, seems like onion, shiny and thin. The patient may also complain of pain and cold (Prandoni, 2009). The assessment of blood flow may indicate distal purses characterized by low OR. Some patients may also show some symptoms such as decreased or absent of hair as well as an ischemic ulcer. Finger and foot nails appear thicker than usual.
Venous assessment includes checking for various venous insufficiency include dry, flaky with various indications of brown and blotchy skin. Purple dependent elevation of various dependent edema such as determining if edema obligates pulses or sensing some venous stasis ulcers as well as paresthesias (Walenga, Jeske, & Messmore, 2000).
Factors contributing to venous disorders
The prevailing factors include venous stasis a condition caused by bed rest, high blood pressure and hypovolemia. Hypercoagulability also causes it because of persistent cancer, continued smoking, polycythemia, surgical operations and sepsis (Proesmans, van, & Van, 2005). Another cause is as a result of endothelial damaging of veins leading to stimulation of platelets aggregation and venous inflammation.
Carolyn Morgan is the author of this paper. A senior editor at Melda Research in Research Paper Writing Service. if you need a similar paper you can place your order for a custom research paper from A+ Affordable Paper Writing Service.
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