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Most Popular Indian Architectural Styles

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By Author: Monisha Gopal
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Most popular Indian Architectural Styles

India Architecture has always been one of the best and breathtaking works in India. Ancient temples and buildings are always looked up as beauty and art for which a lot of work went into. However, India has a variety of monuments, palaces, buildings and temple which speak their own story of an ancient era it witnessed. Out of 830 World Heritage Sites listed by UNESCO, 26 are from India, isn't this a perfect reason to consider Indian Architecture as one of its kind?

Architectural Styles in India - Popular 10

1. Temple Architecture: Temple architecture in India is developed in almost all the regions of ancient India. All over the country, these kinds of architectural styles can be witnessed. Ancient temples are categorized into Nagara or Northern style, Mixed or Vesara, and Southern and Dravida style. The temple architecture is also displayed in Kerala, the Himalayan areas and Bengal in their own unique styles.

2. Mughal Architecture: This architecture style has a unique blend of Islamic, Indian and Persian styles. From the 16th century in the early 18th century, Mughal architecture is a big blast in the Indian subcontinent. India was ruled by Mughals during this era and different rules were brought with some finest structures in the country. Humayun's tomb, Red Fort at Delhi, Jama Masjid Delhi and the Taj Mahal at Agra are a few examples of Mughal Architecture.

3. Dravidian Architecture: Dravidian construction started on the south side of India years ago. These structures were built by Dravidian people and these structures mostly consist of pyramid shaped temples called Kovis(in Tamil). These temples are complex carved stones; these kinds of designs are also found on many statues of kings, dancers, deities and warriors.


4. Indo- Saracenic Revival: Indo- Saracenic Architecture is an architectural engineering movement by British Architects. It is a mixture of Indian architecture and Indo-Islamic architecture. It is also knowns as Mughal- Gothic, Indo-Gothic, Hindu-Gothic and Neo-Mughal architecture. It absorbs exotic elements from Indian Architecture and native Indo-Islamic architecture.

5. Kalinga Architecture: This is an architectural style that has flourished in the ancient Kalinga times. This form of style is seen in the eastern parts of Odisha and northern parts of Andhra Pradesh. Kalinga architecture includes three different types of temples like Rekha Deula, Pidhu Deula and Khakhara Deula. This style of Architecture adorns the typical aspects like Architectural stipulations, Iconography, historical connotations, traditions and connected legends.

6. Sikh Architecture: These are one of the styles that have too much popularity across the globe. Sikh architecture is characterized as beauty, the value of progressiveness, and an exquisite intricacy and flowing lines. Sikh Architecture is one such architectural style which managed to transform due to its modernism. This architecture is all about beautiful curves and straight lines.

7.Vesara Architecture: This style of Architecture originated in the state of Karnataka in the medieval centuries. It is a combination of both Dravida and Nagara architectural styles. In these designs, the individual tiers are reduced without making changes to the actual numbers.

8. Indian Vernacular Architecture: This Architecture consists of informal buildings constructed by local builders using traditional building methods. Indian Vernacular Architecture is spread not only in India but across the globe. These builders mostly do not hold a degree in architectural design but follow the tradition due to their ancestors.

9. Cave Architecture: Cave Architecture started in the third century BC. These designs were used by Jain mocks and the Buddhists as a place for stay and worship. Some examples of Cave architecture are Viharas of Buddhists and Chaityas. Religions linked with caves are Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism and hence there are differences with respect to the architectural styles.

10. Rock-Cut Architecture: Rock-cut structures in India is the art of making a structure by carving it from the solid rock. Many rock-cut structures in our country belong to different communities. India is known to have more than 1,500 rock-cut structures.

More About the Author

Monisha Gopal is a passionate writer working for MAD school - NATA coaching centre in Chennai and Hyderabad. Other courses offered are CEED, UCEED, NID, NIFT, B Design, and other design entrance exams. https://www.madschool.in/

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