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Root Canal Treatment Process
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Beneath the visible a part of a tooth or molar (the crown), the basis is found within the basis there's one or a lot of root canals. This canal is full of the pulp, that exists of animal tissue, nerve fibers and tiny blood vessels. This pulp will become inflamed because of dental caries, a leaky filling or a fall. The basis canals square measure connected with the bone through the basis purpose. This makes it potential for a pulp inflammation to increase to the present space.
Root canal therapy is a procedure where a dentist removes bad bacteria from the pulp of a tooth. Those bacteria form inside of the tooth for many reasons. Poor dental health is one of the most common causes. Also, when someone does not fix a cracked tooth, it is easier for bad bacteria to enter and attack the tooth from the inside out. An untreated infection inside of a tooth makes it painful, discoloured and could eventually lead to the loss of that tooth.
After root canal therapy is completed, you will have a better chance of preserving the original tooth. In some cases, you may need to have a crown placed on top of the affected tooth to cover up any imperfections or discoloration.
Steps of Root Canal Therapy
1. Cleaning the root canal
First, the dentist removes everything that is inside the root canal.
With the patient under local anaesthesia, the dentist makes a small access hole on the surface of the tooth and removes the diseased and dead pulp tissue with very small files.
2. Permeating the root canal
Next, the dentist cleans shapes and decontaminates the hollow area, using tiny files and irrigation solutions. Then, the tooth is filled with a rubber-like material, using an adhesive cement to seal the canals completely.
After root canal therapy, the tooth is dead. Now, the patient can’t feel any pain therein tooth as a result of the nervous tissue has been removed, and therefore the infection has been eliminated.
3. Adding a crown or filling
However, the tooth will be now more fragile than it was before. A tooth with no pulp must receive its nourishment from the ligament that attaches the tooth to the bone. This supply is adequate, but in time, the tooth will become more brittle, so a crown or filling offers protection.
Until the crown or filling is complete, the patient should not chew or bite on the tooth. Once there is a crown or filling is done, the person can use the tooth as before.
Treatment often takes only one appointment, but if there are curved canals, multi-canals, or large infections, this could take one or two additional appointments.
As with any procedure, complications can occur.
- Sometimes the dentist only finds three root canals in a tooth that has four. If one canal remains untreated, the infection might continue and spread into the bone.
- The dentist must also make sure the filling material goes far enough into the canal, to fill it up. If the root canal is not properly sealed, the infection could return.
- During the procedure, the root of the tooth may crack, or the instruments can break in the canal or perforate the canal. This makes it hard to fill the tooth effectively.
If complications occur, a specialist can try to correct the problem and complete the root canal.
To avoid complications, patients should always follow the dentist's instructions. If an antibiotic is needed, it is important to finish the entire prescription.
It is essential to have a permanent restoration placed, such as a crown, once the root canal therapy is complete.
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