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Hair Loss In Children – Medical And Non-medical Causes
Not only adults confront with hair loss but the children are similarly affected by this problem. Whether your child has hair thinning problem or the distinctive bald spots, the hair loss can be intimidating. Luckily we live in advanced technology where the medical science is more advanced than before. So, with a proper diagnosis, most cases of hair loss can be treated successfully.
Medical Causes of Hair Loss in Children
The children of 3 years or older mostly suffer from the hair loss and the cause can be one of the following conditions.
Tinea Capitis: Tinea capitis known as ringworm on the scalp is a fungal infection mostly seen in the children. It can show up in various ways but the scaly patches of hair loss on the head are most common. These patches are usually seen as the shape of round or oval. In this condition, the hair may be broken off at the skin surface looking like black dots on the scalp.
The treatment of this condition includes an oral antifungal taken by mouth for eight weeks. Along with this, your child should use an antifungal shampoo in order to decrease flaking of the fungus.
As the ringworm is contagious, you should be more careful of your child not letting them use any objects that touch head like hair brushes, clippers, hat or pillowcases.
Alopecia Areata: It is a non-contagious condition of hair loss caused by the body immune system attacking the hair follicles. The symptom of this condition is detected by the sudden appearance of round or oval patches of hair loss. These patches are smooth and slick without any broken or scaling hairs.
Though there is no cure for alopecia areata, a certain treatment can control the disease in a number of children. Many of them get their hair back within a year while many can lose hair again as regrowth is unpredictable.
In the case of younger children, Hair Loss Treatment consists mainly of strong corticosteroid ointments or creams applied to the bald areas.
Trichotillomania: This hair loss condition is basically caused by the child plucking, pulling, rubbing or twisting his or her hair. This hair loss condition is also patchy and characterized by broken hairs with variable length.
This condition can be activated due to anxiety or stress in your child’s life like the loss of a very loved one, family issues or a school stressor. In such case, scolding will not be an effective step but the counseling like finding out the underlying reason for your child’s anxiety.
Telogen Effluvium: According to Hair Replacement Service, Telegon effluvium can be stimulated due to sudden and severe stress like severe injury, extremely high fever, loss of the loved one, surgery under general anesthesia or taking the certain medicines disrupt the normal cycle of hair growth. As a result, the follicles stop growing and get into the resting phase called telogen phase.
There is no certain treatment for this condition but it is said that once the stress is over, the hair follicles start to go into their normal state and the full hair growth comes back within a year.
Endocrine Problems: Sometimes, the hair loss in some children occurs due to hypothyroidism, a state in which the thyroid is not active in producing sufficient amount of thyroid hormones essential for regulating the metabolism. This hormonal change affects highly on the hair growth cycle and results in shedding too much hair.
The only way to get rid of this problem is to consult a good physician and follow the prescribed medications or procedures as suggested by him.
Nutritional Deficiency: Hair loss can be triggered due to nutritional deficiency like the lack of Vitamin H or Biotin, Vitamin D, Vitamin B, Zinc, and Protein.
Too Much Vitamin A: Consuming of too much Vitamin A can lead to extreme hair loss.
Nonmedical Causes of Hair Loss
While some of the causes require the doctor’s attention, others need their own with time. Like:
Newborn Hair Loss: Though many newborns lose their hair in the very first few months, baby hair regrows and is replaced by the permanent hair.
Rubbing: Many babies between 3 to 6 months have bald spots due to rubbing with mattress or car seat. When the child starts to sit, the spots get covered with new hair.
Hair abuse: Brushing and pulling the hair tight into ponytails can cause hair fall. Treat the hair more gently will help it to regrow.
These are some common medical and non-medical causes of hair loss in your children. Once you find something abnormal, it is always suggested to contact your child’s pediatrician to avoid further hassles.
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