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Kidney Diseases

By Author: Puja
Total Articles: 1

Kidney diseases are responsible to damage your kidneys. They attack the normal functioning of the kidneys. The damage kidneys are unable to discard waste products from your system. This results into excess amount of toxins and other harmful products in your body.

Your kidneys are composed of million tiny structures called as nephrons. These structures perform the filtration process. However, when a person acquires a kidney disease, the nephrons gets severely damaged due to the disease. This damage makes it nearly impossible for these tiny structures to work properly. Therefore, blood is not filtered properly and the waste products remain in the blood stream. Excessive amount of body fluids and body water is unable to eliminate by our kidneys. This builds up excess toxic water in our system. Also, other harmful chemicals from our body does not entirely forms into urine. This also increases the amount of harmful substance inside our body.

Hence, it is very important to keep your kidneys healthy and away from any diseases or disorder. Every individual should know the causes of kidney diseases and try to avoid such conditions to maintain a good condition of your kidneys.

Causes of kidney diseases include:

High Blood Pressure

Increased Cholesterol Level

Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Inflammation in certain parts of the kidneys

Recurrent kidney infections

Obstructions in the urinary tract

Vesicoureteral reflux, a disorder that reverse the urine flow back into your kidneys

Reactions from certain medications

Genetic Disorders

Lead poisoning

Renal Arteries Stenosis, narrowing of the blood vessels in your kidneys

Family history of kidneys disorders or disease

However, if a kidney disease occurs, how is one suppose to know that they are facing such problems. A kidney disease shows certain possible signs and symptoms in your body that may indicate that you are suffering from it.

Common signs and symptoms of kidney diseases include :

Increased in the frequency to urinate

Swelling in your ankles and feet

Puffy eyes


Numbness in the limbs

Sleep apnea

Loss of appetite

Nausea and vomiting



Abdominal pain

Bubbly urine


Blood in urine

Shortened breath

Increase in Blood Pressure

Dark colored urine

As mentioned earlier, your kidneys serve many important functions for your body. One must be aware of the health of their kidneys. How do you know that your kidneys are functioning well enough? The answer to this question is by undergoing for certain tests. Such test is named as kidney function test. Let us read ahead to know what is the aim of a kidney function test.

A kidney function test is also known as a kidney profile test or renal function test. This test tells us about various kidney functions. In order to learn about various aspects about your kidney functions, this tests consists of sub-types.

The types of kidney profile test is as follows:


Urinalysis is a urine test performed to check the presence of protein or blood in your urine. It is not mandatory that your urine contains protein because you have a kidney disease. There can be some other possible reasons as well. For example, infections.

Serum Creatinine Test-

Serum Creatinine test is a type of blood test used to check the presense of creatinine in your blood. Your kidneys are suppose to filter creatinine from your blood. However, if your blood samples contains presence of creatinine, it indicates that your kidneys are not working properly. Increased level of creatinine in your blood can be problematic to your kidneys health.

Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)-

Blood Urea Nitrogen test checks the presence of waste materials in your blood. It also calculates the amount of nitrogen in your blood. The proteins in your blood breaks down to form urea nitrogen which is a toxin waste material. Your kidneys should discard such waste products formed in your blood. Heavy build up of these waste products could damage your kidney.

The above indicates whether you are suffering from any kidney disorder. Your urologist will help you deal if such abnormal kidney problems. Ensure that you visit your doctor in time before your health conditions becomes severe.

To conclude, the above article contains information about kidney diseases, how are they caused, what are the possible signs and symptoms, what should you do if you are suspicious of it, and what are the types of kidney profile test. One should keep their kidneys healthy. If in case you experience any deformities related to their kidney, you should not neglect it. Visit your general physician right away to avoid any further risks.

Read more>> http://www.ozut.com/kidney-function-test-cost-in-india/

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