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8 Functions Of Adrenal Glands That You Probably Haven’t Heard Before
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The majority of people have two adrenal organs. These glands are located on top of the kidneys and are in charge of numerous vital natural procedures within the human body. Let’s take a look at some of the major functions performed by the adrenal glands in our body.
1. Production Of Numerous Vital Hormones
There are diverse areas of these organs and each of these areas is in charge of creating numerous hormones. The inward part of this organ is known as the adrenal cortex, and the external area is known as the adrenal medulla. This difference is crucial because the external and internal areas of these organs are in charge of creating distinctive sorts of hormones.
2. Hormones Generated By The Adrenal Medulla
These incorporate epinephrine and norepinephrine. Medically, these are created by the adrenal organ in high content because of an apparent or genuine risk, commonly known as the fight or flight response.
3. Production Of Hormones By Adrenal Cortex
These incorporate aldosterone, cortisol, and the sex hormones, also incorporating Pregnenolone and DHEA.
4. Maintaining Blood Pressure
The cortisol and aldosterone hormones are especially in charge to control blood pressure in the body. Aldosterone is critical for this reason. Apart from maintaining blood pressure, the adrenal organ is additionally in charge of keeping up ‘blood volume’.
5. Management Of Essential Minerals
Just like the management of blood pressure and blood volume, the adrenal organs additionally manage the levels of vital minerals in the body, for example, potassium and sodium. These glands prevent minerals from becoming too high or too low in content as such fluctuations can affect your health.
6. Regulating A Normal pH Balance
The adrenal organs defend the human body against acidosis. The food items consumed by us, particularly high measures of protein are processed in the body. At the point, when protein is processed in the body, it can expand the acidity in the blood, but it is disposed off by the kidney. The adrenal organs play a crucial role in the whole process.
7. Helping The Organs To Communicate With Each Other
Hormones are created by one organ and affect other organ or organs in the human body. The adrenal organs collaborate and communicate with numerous organs in the human body, such as the kidneys, pituitary glands, thyroid glands and hypothalamus. The adrenal organs produce hormones that influence the working of numerous organs (mentioned above) and the heart.
8. Protection Against Stress
The adrenal organs are our body's support system against all types of stress, such as physical and psychological. To fight stress, the adrenal organs create cortisol that has anti-inflammatory properties and intensely gives the body the bolster that it requires to manage the outcomes of the intense stress.
However, sometimes chronic stress can take a toll on these glands and might result in adrenal fatigue. In adrenal fatigue, the glands become too tired due to regular functioning and their performance level drops. For adrenal fatigue treatment, you need to visit a specialist doctor.
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