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Stem Cell Therapy: Types And Benefits

By Author: Nupur Jha
Total Articles: 43

Apart from few other living beings, humans are bestowed with stem cells. These cells have the unique replication and differentiation properties, which they use to divide and form the unique and specialized cells (including blood cells, neurons, and other cells). Our body loses a number of cells each day because of aging, and other reasons. The inner lying pool of stem cells in the body helps the healthy replenishment of cells, which keeps us fit and healthy.

Anchor The unique therapeutic properties of the cells got revealed to scientists a few decades back. Since then, research studies around the world have focused on using the stem cells for treating non-treatable diseases, including, Cancer and Autism, which no other treatment procedure can treat fully, till now. Stem cell therapy in India is a result of cumulative efforts, which have been undertaken around the world, by leading health-care practitioners and scientists.

Diseases Treated Through Stem Cell Therapy in India

Stem cell therapy is today being actively used for treating a number of diseases. This includes:

1. Neurological Disorders:

Including Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, Dementia, Autism, Spinal cord Injury, Stroke, and others.

2. Muscular Disorders: including Muscular Dystrophy

3. Cancer

4. Alopecia

5. Tooth regeneration

6. Eye diseases

6. Diabetes

Apart from these, stem cells are also being researched upon, so that they can be processed and transplanted to treat infertility and other diseases.

Types of Stem Cells Being Used for Therapeutic Purposes

While all cells arise from a basic pool of stem cells, they grow to possess different capabilities and properties, with time. Hence the body has many different kinds of stem cells. Different diseases require the use and transplantation of different kinds of cells.

1. The bone marrow adult stem cells

2. The peripheral adult stem cells

3. The umbilical cord stem cells

4. Therapeutic cloning

Benefits

Stem cells are promising for treating a great number of diseases. Bone marrow adult stem cells were the earliest of the cells, used for treating leukemia, a kind of cancer. Those suffering from burns can receive the cellular therapy to have new and healthy skin cells. Stem cells can also replace the dysfunctional eye tissues, and treat eye diseases. Stem cells can divide to form the new and healthy cells of the brain and the nervous system. The glial cells, oligodendrocytes, and other kinds of cells that form the brain tissues that are beneficial for those suffering from neurological disorders, inducing Autism, Dementia, Parkinson’s and other diseases. Stem cells also replicate and differentiate to form the skeletal muscle cells. Diseases like Muscular Dystrophy are characterized by dysfunction and weakening of muscles. Stem cells can deliver the required proteins that help the body in regenerating new and healthy muscle fibers. Stem cell therapy for spinal cord injury helps the bed-ridden patients to walk again.

The goal of stem cell therapy is to replace the unhealthy and damaged cells of any system of the body, through healthy and optimally functioning cells. Leading health care institutions offering stem cell therapy in India, including NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute (NGBSI) use the bone marrow adult stem cells for treating a number of neurological and muscular conditions. The institute uses the Autologous (cells derived and obtained from the body of patient itself) for therapy purposes so that there is no adverse immune response and any side effect of the treatment.

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