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Stem Cells And Their Benefits Towards Treating A Range Of Diseases

By Author: Nupur Jha
Total Articles: 43

This initial pool of the cells is formed shortly after fertilization. Each day, our body loses a number of cells, and many of them get damaged. The stem cells help repair and regeneration of these cells.

 

The 2 key and unique properties of stem cells include:

 

1. Self renewal:

 

The cells divide to form their copies, endlessly.

 

2. Differentiation:

 

The cells mature to form the differentiated cells, which form the tissues and organs. For instance, the stem cells can differentiate to form the skeletal, blood, and neural cells, among other specialized cells.

 

Stem cell therapy is today being used to treat a range of neurological, muscular, and other disorders, at leading healthcare institutions, including NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute (NGBSI ).

 

Cerebral Palsy

 

Stem cells hold a tremendous potential for treating the disease Cerebral Palsy. Stem cells secrete the trophic (spelling is correct) and growth factors that initiate repair and regeneration process, within the brain.

 

Cancer

 

A number of studies point out that the stem cells can offer regeneration of the decaying cells. These cells are being studied for their benefits towards leukemia, and other kinds of cancer. The bone marrow cells are being widely used and studied for this purpose.

 

Mental Retardation

 

Stem cell transplantation helps repairing the dysfunctional neurons. Stem cell therapy synergizes with the rehabilitation programs and techniques and brings in a range of improvements in the people affected by mental retardation.

 

Dementia

 

Stem cells secrete a number of growth factors, Neurotrophins, and other kinds of supportive substances, which initiate neural repair. Stem cell transplantation aids in the axonal regeneration, axonal guidance, angiogenesis, and other improvements that increase the cognitive functionality in the Dementia affected individuals.

 

Muscular Dystrophy

 

Stem cell therapy can not only treat the neurological diseases but is also equally effective for the muscular disorders. Stem cell transplantation heals in generating the functional muscle proteins in the body and also replenishes the underlying pool of cells. Stem cells also help regenerate the satellite cells; they are the main cells that are responsible for the regeneration of skeletal muscles. The cells also help to increase oxygen supply, secrete cytokines, and differentiate, in order to develop healthy cells in the muscle system.

 

Stroke

 

The trophic factors and cytokines, which are secreted by the stem cells, promote the oxygen supply and blood to the affected areas of the brain. Stem cells migrate along the paths that mimic the path of the neural progenitor cells, and offer the same functionality that the normal cells do, thereby benefitting the Stroke patients.

 

Traumatic Brain Injury

 

Stem cells offer a number of benefits to those who suffer from the traumatic brain injuries. These cells promote the development of new blood cells, form the new axons, and increase their sprouting, thereby initiating Neuro-genesis. The therapeutic cells secrete the Neurotrophic factors that stimulate the Neuroprotection and repair process. These cells have the unique feature to differentiate and form the unique brain cells, including oligodendrocytes, astrocytes and the endothelial cells, which re-establish the neuronal circuitry.

 

Spinal Cord injury

 

When a stem cell therapy is done within 6 months of the injury, the cells can check the inflammation, and can reduce the secondary damages that are caused by SCI. The cellular transplantation also helps Neuroregeneration and Neuroprotection and contributes towards the formation of the axonal sprouts and synapses.

 

Autism

 

The Autism stem cell treatment helps in developing both new and functional neurons in the affected brain and also repairs the dysfunctional and damaged neurons.

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