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The Various Diseases Treated By The Regenerative Stem Cell Therapy

By Author: Nupur Jha
Total Articles: 43

Stem cells are the regenerative cells found in humans and other living beings. The cells have the unique regeneration and differentiation properties. The therapeutic cells can multiply endlessly, self-replicate, and can also differentiate to form the more specialized cells that can undertake specific functions. The differentiated stem cells include the neural cells, blood cells, and other specialized body cells.

 

Stem cell therapy is today used for treating a number of neurological, muscular, and other health conditions, which physicians are not able to treat through the pharmacological, surgical, and rehabilitative measures. Autologous cells (cells derived from the body of the patient itself) and heterologous stem cells are today used for the transplantation purposes, which bring new life to the ailing systems of the patient's body. Bone marrow transplant is the most common kind of stem cell treatment in use today. Cells derived from the umbilical cords are also used. Here are some of the diseases and health conditions for which stem cell treatment has been found to be effective.

 

Neuro-degeneration

 

Premier healthcare institutions, including NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute (NGBSI, located at Mumbai) today, offers stem cell therapy for a range of neurological conditions. These include Parkinson’s Diseases, Mental Retardation, Autism, Dementia, and others. The transplanted and healthy neural progenitor stem cells migrate to the affected parts of the brain and secrete the trophic and growth factors that aid repair and regeneration. Stem cells also differentiate to form the oligodendrocytes and glial cells that form the indispensable components of the nervous system.

 

Brain Injury

 

Stroke stem cell treatment brings relief and comfort to the patients, and also to the ones who are bedridden. They can stand up and walk again, post stem cell therapy. Stem cell therapy helps vascularization and increase in oxygen and blood supply to the affected brain and spinal cord areas. As the stem cells can form the key components of the central nervous system, they can furnish faster treatment and improvement in patients who are affected by SCI (Spinal Cord Injury) and Stroke.

 

Heart

 

Stem cell therapy for heart diseases such as myocardial infarction, use the autologous cells derived from the bone marrow, for transplantation purposes. Stem cells provide for the generation of new heart muscle cells, stimulate the growth of the new blood vessels, secrete the growth factors, and also offer functional assistance through a number of other mechanisms.

 

Muscular Diseases

 

Muscular diseases such as muscular dystrophy can now be treated with stem cell therapy. Stem cells replenish the pool of cells that provide for the secretion of the certain proteins, deficiency of which results in muscle weakness.

 

Missing Teeth

 

Scientists today are capable of developing a new tooth inside the laboratory itself, through stem cells. The tooth regeneration medical technology will soon be used for growing live teeth in humans.

 

Infertility

 

Stem cells are fully capable of forming the mature and fertile oocytes. Stem cells can be used for the treatment of fertility.

 

Stem cells can be an alternate treatment of AIDS. Genetically modified stem cells can improve HIV-resistant immune system.

 

Blindness

 

Researchers were able to successfully transplant the cornea stem cells into the damaged eyes of the patient and successfully restored vision, back in the year 2003 itself.

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