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Know About The Autism Treatment In India

By Author: Nupur Jha
Total Articles: 43

Under the DSM 5 (or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fifth edition update of the American Psychiatric Association diagnostic and classification tools), the characteristics of Autism are persistent and lead to long deficits in interaction and social communication process. Autism is also characterized by repetitive and restrictive behaviors and activities. The autism deficits are found during the early childhood period, before the age of 3. Because of these deficits, the brain functioning may get significantly impaired.
A number of diagnostic techniques are used for detecting autism. They are based on observation of behavior, and not on the mechanism or cause. ADI-R or the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised is a kind of parent interview. The other technique is ADOS or Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, which involves observation and child interaction techniques for detecting Autism. CARS or Childhood Austin Rating Scale is used for checking the severity of autism in children, through observation.
Preliminary Investigation and Further Diagnosis
Most commonly, the first or the preliminary investigation is performed by a pediatrician who physically examines the child and takes his/her developmental history into consideration as well. ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) specialists may also diagnose the child by taking into account allied medical conditions and by assessing the communication, cognitive and another factor. A Neuropsychologist (pediatric) assesses the cognitive skills and behavior of the child. The diagnostic symptoms may also include hearing impairment, intellectual disability, and language impairments. The other psychiatric disorders like depression become a bit harder to diagnose when the child has Autism.
Genetic Evaluations
Sometimes a genetic cause is identified, and clinical genetics evaluations confirm the genetic abnormality associated with the disease.
Screening
Parents can notice the ASD symptoms of around 50% Autistic children when they are 8 months. By the age of 2 years, 4/5th of children have noticeable symptoms of the disease.
The below-given milestones, when not met by the growing child, require further evaluations for diagnosing autism.
● No gestures by the child (acts like waving, pointing and others) by the age of 1 year.
● No babbling (language acquisition) by the age of 1 year
● Loss of social skills and language
● No use of single of multiple words (phrases) during first 2 years of life
Management
The early goals of Autism treatment were to lower the deficits and to reduce family distress. The therapeutic measures are also aimed at increasing the quality of life of Autism sufferers. With the introduction of stem cell therapy, physicians are now able to treat the root cause of Autism, which is neural damage. World class healthcare institutions like NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute today offer stem cell therapy along with a complete rehabilitation program for treating Autism.
Stem Cell Treatment in India For Autism
The 2 key pathologies that are associated with Autism are immune deregulation and a reduced or lack of oxygen supply to the malfunctioning brain areas. The brain also suffers from imbalances that are the cause of Autism symptoms. Leading experts at the renowned health care institute, NeuroGen Brain And Spine Institute (NGBSI), provide Autism treatment in India using stem cells as these cells can repair the damaged neural tissues. The cells are found in all mammals, including humans. They can be easily derived from the bone marrow and then processed in the lab. They are then transplanted into the body of the Autistic child. Stem cells migrate to the affected parts of the brain and repair the damaged cells and brain tissues after transplantation. They can also differentiate to form specialized cells. The cells bring improvement in damaged neural cells at their molecular, functional and structural level. They possess the unique “paracrine” regulatory functions and provide for tissue/organ repair, can regulate cell differentiation and also possess anti-inflammatory properties.
The rehabilitation program aspect of Autism treatment in India includes treatment therapies including Occupational Therapy, Dance and Music Therapy, Yoga Therapy, Speech Therapy and other treatments and counseling sessions. Together, stem cell therapy and rehabilitation program can bring in great relief for Autistic children and can improve their life in multiple ways.

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