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Get Insider Guidelines On Raising Water Buffaloes For Income As A Complete Newbie In Livestock Farmi
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Water buffalo are being used for ploughing and other types of work force, and as a source of meat, leather and healthy milk. They can be found around Asia and in addition in places like Turkey, Italy, Australia and Egypt to mansion a few.
They are mostly found in places where there is lots of rain or water because they get dehydrated very easily and require water and mud to wallow around in. The water buffalo population in the world is around 172 million, with ninety six percent of them in Asia.
Water buffalo are called carabao in the Philippines and are regarded as the national animal there. In India their milk is a main source of protein. In Southeast Asia they plough hemp fields.
One Thai farmer said, "they're the anchor of the nation and are very important to our way of life. "Known as the "living tractor of the East," they have been introduced to Europe, Africa, the Americas, Australia, Japan, and Hawaii. There are seventy four breeds of domestic water buffalo.
The water buffalo or domestic Asian water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is a huge bovid found on the Indian subcontinent to Vietnam and Peninsular Malaysia, in Sri Lanka, in Luzon Island in the Philippines, and in Borneo. The wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee) native to Southeast Asia is considered a special species but most likely represents the ancestor of the local water buffalo.
There are two kinds of water buffalo--each considered a subspecies--are located on morphological and behavioural criteria:
1) the river buffalo of the Indian subcontinent and west to the Balkans and Italy; and
2) the swamp buffalo, located from Assam in the west going through the southeast of Asia to the Yangtze area of China in the east.
The original birth place of the domestic water buffalo types are debated, although results of a phylogenetic research shows that the swamp kind may have come from China and domesticated about 4,000 years back, while the river type may have came from India and was domesticated about 5,000 years back.
According to Encyclopedia Britannica, the river buffalo was present by 2500 BC in India and 1000 before Christ in Mesopotamia. The breed was chosen mainly for its milk, which includes 8 % butterfat. Breeds range from the Murrah with its curled horns, the Surati, and the Jafarabadi.
Swamp buffalo more closely appear like wild water buffalo and are being used as draft livestock in rice paddies through Southeast Asia. Breeds range from the 900-kg (2, 000-pound) Thai and haizi to the 400-kg wenzhou and carabao. Children get on the back of them to their wallows after their labours and wash their faces plus ears.
Water buffaloes are especially well suited for tilling grain fields, and their milk is richer in fat and more protein than that of the dairy cattle. Throughout much of Southeast Asia and South Asia water buffalo remain the main draft animals for farming, although tractors have replaced them in various areas, particularly where crops other than rice are grown.
Buffalo, predominantly of the swamp type is very much matched to paddy culture. It's capable to flourish on rough fodder and roughage indigestible by other livestock, and are found in all kinds of farming areas.
Even in poor places, small paddy farmers mostly own at least 1 animal. Following maturing, buffalo can be used as draft animals for 5 or 6 years, or until they are very old to work, then they are slaughtered and sold for meat. There is much more involved in keeping productive water buffaloes. A good start is to buy your own water buffaloes, but before you do that download our complete ebook about how to raise water buffaloes to avoid costly mistakes.
On the other hand if you're serious about raising livestock and want to raise different kinds of animals such as goats, sheep, cattle, pigs, chickens, geese, llamas and horses then get yourself a copy of the one and only guide to the easiest livestock to raise for profits here: GuideToProfitableLivestock.Com
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