123ArticleOnline Logo
Welcome to 123ArticleOnline.com!

ALL >> Home-and-Garden >> View Article

Mushroom Cultivation: The Various Stages Explained

By Author: Julia Bennet
Total Articles: 398

Fungiculture has gradually grown in a small-scale industry with beginner companies venturing into cultivating edible fungus and supplying the market with a plenty of fresh-grown options. The good news for those who have newly ventured out into this business is that mushroom farming is not as complicated or extensive as it may sound. If you break it up into phases, there are a total of three of them. The first step of mushroom cultivation is to prepare the compost. Here is a short description of all the steps involved in growing mushrooms. They might also vaguely answer the question of how to grow magic mushrooms.

Preparing the Compost
You need to prepare a humus for the mushrooms you will grow. This involves a lot of wetting and mixing of ingredients. This is not very difficult as long as you get the stacking and piling part alright. The compost ingredients have to be stacked up and erected in a rectangular pile. The sides have to be tight as possible and the centre thick and loose. You can do the compost by turning the materials through what they call a compost turner. As for materials, you can use horse manure. As it passes through the turner, spray in some water to make it a thick paste absorbable in the soil. If you want to keep it less messy, prepare synthetic compost with gypsum and nitrogen supplements. With a little aeration of the final product, aerobic fermentation starts. In the last stage, pasteurization has to be carried out to kill nematodes, pests, inspects or any kind of live organism in the compost.

Spawning
As the mushrooms grow into their full volume, they start developing microscopic spores which are essentially how the fungus multiplies. Now, a grower doesn’t have to make use of that for there is too much unpredictability involved in it. So, a vegetative propagation is done in order to ensure the multiplication. Making the spawn is another process. You will need millet grain, chalk and water, all sterilized. Once the mixture is ready, add a bit of mycelium. The colonization of the mycelium results in what is called spawn. The spawn is then refrigerated for months and stored for future use. Later, it can be spread out on the compost and made to mix with it.

Casting, Pinning and Cropping
The first part involves top-dressing to the compost that is then mixed with the spawn. For casing, one may use a mixture of ground limestone and peat moss. It is precisely the place where rhizomorphs form and so supplementing it with nutrients is not needed. Once they are formed, the mushroom initials start to sprout out. This is called pinning and it takes a while for the caps to develop into its full-grown size. It is in the time of cropping cycle of mushroom cultivation that one can harvest the mushrooms within a time span of 3 to 5 days.


Wondering how to grow magic mushrooms all by yourself in an indoor environment? We offer mushroom cultivation kits for all kinds of edible fungi growing.

Total Views: 58Word Count: 511See All articles From Author

Home and Garden Articles

1. How To Choose A Pressure Washer
Author: Michael Foley

2. Beautify Your Home With Modern Curtains
Author: Brian Miller

3. Advantages Of Custom Made Drapes
Author: Brian Miller

4. Popular Valances Window Treatments
Author: Brian Miller

5. When To Choose Modern Window Treatments
Author: Brian Miller

6. Shop Online For Discount Curtains
Author: Brian Miller

7. Reasons To Choose Custom Window Treatments
Author: Brian Miller

8. The Beauty Of Velvet Curtains
Author: Brian Miller

9. Why You Need A Best Weed Control Expert For Your Garden Clean Ups
Author: Leo Lazich

10. Coloured Sheds With Colorbond Is Ideal For Shedding Options
Author: Jacob Ashburn

11. Choose A Relaxed And Safe Professional Removal Service
Author: Oscar Focken

12. Elegant And Spacious Washroom With Frameless Shower Screens
Author: Chloe Kellaway

13. Tips To Remove Rust From Stainless Steel Appliances
Author: Mike Aurtho

14. The Benefits Of Aluminium Pool Fencing
Author: romyfernandis12

15. How To Make Your Private Pool Really Private Using These Simple Fences
Author: romyfernandis12

Login To Account
Login Email:
Password:
Forgot Password?
New User?
Sign Up Newsletter
Email Address: