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Understanding Pre-diabetes And Preventing Type 2 Diabetes
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Diabetes is one of the most common endocrine disorders that occur when the blood sugar levels are consistently abnormal. There are two basic types of diabetes which are type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body is unable to make insulin. Type 2 diabetes on the other hand occurs when the body does not respond to the insulin produced in the body. It can also appear during the course of pregnancy. If diagnosed with diabetes, one must have a talk with their doctor about the types of diabetes and the risks each poses.
What is Pre diabetes?
It is a condition where in a person has a higher than normal blood sugar level. But the level is not high enough for the person to be diagnosed with diabetes. These people stand a higher chance of developing type two of diabetes or other serious complications. Without any conscious lifestyle changes to improve their health, 15-30% of those with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years.
What are the symptoms of pre diabetes?
The symptoms of pre diabetes are at a basic level the same as those of other types of diabetes. When your blood glucose level is higher than normal there are some symptoms which you may notice:
• You’re hungrier than normal
• You’re losing weight, despite eating more
• You’re thirstier than normal
• You have to go to the bathroom more frequently
• You’re more tired than normal
All these symptoms are typical to the different types of diabetes and if you notice them it may mean that you are in the early stages of diabetes.
How to prevent type 2 diabetes?
1. Be physically active everyday
Physical activity is one of the best ways to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes. It also benefits your health by reducing the risk of heart diseases, osteoporosis and some types of cancer. Keep an aim of 30 minutes of physical activity every day.
2. Eat healthier
Eat more baked, boiled, broiled or steamed food. Choose whole wheat bread and brown rice as staples. Consume nonfat milk, yogurt and cheese. Reduce your intake of high fat dairy products, deep fried foods and white rice. Choose smaller portions of food at mealtime. Drink more water and avoid sodas with high sugar levels.
3. Maintain a healthy weight
Losing weight is an important part of the process of delaying type 2 diabetes. The key is to maintain a balance between the calories you intake and the amount you burn every day.
Remember, it is easier to prevent diabetes than live with the condition for the rest of your life.
About the Author
Sowmya K is a certified dietician, who designs diet for diabetes patients specifically. But, she also has a keen passion for writing. So, she combined her professional knowledge and writing articles about different types of diabetes like type 1 & 2 diabetes, symptoms of diabetic hyperglycaemia to help people live an active life with diabetes.
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