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Tmj An Extremely Difficult To Bear
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Falling ill is probably one of the worst things that one has to face and if this affects the face, life can get rather bothersome. When there is a problem with the jaw or the joint or any of the facial muscles that arises because of widening the mouth while masticating, it is referred to as a Temporomandibular disorder, which is also wrongly referred to as TMJ for the Temporomandibular joint. The malady occurs because of constant chewing, grinding the teeth both voluntarily as well as involuntarily, etc. It can also occur with singers who have to open and close their mouths while relating a story through verse.
The general TMJ symptoms are:
• Difficulty chewing or even speaking
• Headache and an acute earache
• Popping sound while opening and closing the mouth
• Dull pain on the face
• Extreme difficulty in opening and closing the mouth
• Tenderness of the jaw and the muscles in the area
TMJ pain can be extremely difficult to bear but this malady does not last very long. It can persist or disappear without any treatment, but it can come back again in the future. This makes it difficult eating or even drinking and sleep can fade away. To ascertain what the problem may be it is advisable to visit a TMJ specialist who could be a dentist at first, or an ENT specialist or even a general physician. The examination includes dental tests to check the alignment of the teeth as well as the ability to bite, testing the joints for tenderness, checking the jaw while it opens and closes, etc. If required an MRI may be required based on the severity of the problem and the symptoms. Based on the results the doctor will take it further with additional tests on the ears, nose and throat, head, nerves, facial pain, etc.
General therapies recommended as a part of TMJ treatment such as:
• Use of moist packs on the face to bring down swelling or pain
• Massaging of the jaws
• Reduce stress and add exercise to the daily schedule
In addition to these, the specialist will administer pain-relieving medication along with muscle relaxants based on the extent of the problem. However if this persists the patient may have to undergo corticosteroid injections for pain relief. Mouth guards that treat teeth clenching and grinding can also do the trick. However if all the methods fail then it could be essential for the patient to undergo intensive reconstructive surgery. Usually this is the last attempt to deal with the problem, but once treated effective by a professional, the patient will be able to get on with her/his life happily. Actually, surgery is hardly a necessity, as people do get better with conservative methods. At times, it could also occur because of bad teeth and that is precisely why it is imperative to visit the dentist at least twice a year. This is not only to keep the pearly whites in ship-shape condition, but also to check on any other damage in the area.
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