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Building Sustainable Ordinances In Taos
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Cities and towns across the United States are grappling with ways to reduce energy costs, conserve water, and limit their carbon footprint. Taos, New Mexico, is on the forefront of this collective challenge. On February 24, 2009, the Taos Town Council unanimously approved the Taos High Performance Building Ordinance. The new ordinance was the result of a yearlong effort by town officials, citizen volunteers, and hired consultants to encourage energy-efficient construction and design for town-owned buildings, new Replica Cartier Santos and renovated residential structures, and commercial property.
The town of Taos hired Sage West Consultants to draft an ordinance that incorporated energy-efficient and sustainable building practices for residential, commercial, and town-owned properties. The Town Council mandated the consultants work with a steering committee of citizen volunteers to draft the ordinance. The drafting revealed the importance of capturing the multiple definitions of sustainability.
This article highlights three distinct perspectives of sustainability critical to the adoption and success of the building ordinance:
Produce sustainable reduction in energy and water consumption?
Provide economically sustainable alternatives for affordable housing
Facilitate sustainable community consensus on the principles of ordinance.
In 2005, the U.S. Conference of Mayors made a commitment to reduce pollution by striving to meet or beat the Kyoto Protocol targets in its own communities. One of the first signatories was Bobby Duran, then-mayor of Taos, New Mexico. To meet this commitment, local administratorsâ€”under the direction of Duranâ€” proposed that the town of Taos adopt a sustainable building ordinance. Under Duran's leadership and continued endorsement from Darren Cordovaâ€”a former councilman who has replaced Duran as mayorâ€”the Town Council hired consultants to assist with the creation of a new high performance building ordinance.
The first shift came when attention moved from congressional debate and voting to speed in project initiation and expenditure. Now the focus is shifting to actual job creation and retention and the influence of ARRA on an economic rebound. Almost inevitably, the focus will shift again as attention turns ultimately to assessing the societal benefits of this massive expenditureâ€” benefits beyond jobs and economic stimulation.
To track ARRA progress, the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)â€”and various federal agencies through which funds are being channeledâ€”issued directives on performance reporting. Performance reporting requirements are extensive and weighted heavily toward tallying jobs created and retained, tracking dollars and project status, and ensuring compliance by funds recipients.
So far, much less attention has been directed toward societal benefits or results of the ARRA projects beyond jobs created or retained. The authors of the recent Brookings Institution report, Metro Potential in ARRA: An Early Assessment of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, express the imbalance this way: "ARRA's welcome emphasis on transparency tilts too much toward curbing waste, fraud, and abuse and too little on establishing a clear, sensible focus on measuring outcomes."
The ordinance was intended to serve several purposes. First, Taos would be an example for its citizens by adopting sustainable building practices for all town-owned buildings. Second, the ordinance would accommodate the needs of the community's low- and moderate-income residents for affordable housing and energy use. Third, the ordinance would ensure high-performance building practices in all new residential and Replica Vacheron Constantin commercial construction.
On February 24, 2009, the Town Council unanimously passed the ordinance to promote energy and resource efficiency and water conservation and to endorse innovative building design to lessen the impact on the environment and enhance quality of life. A testament to the success of the passage of the high performance building ordinance was citizen participation.
"I am impressed with the level of community effort on this ordinance," said Town Planner Matthew Foster. "More than 50 citizen volunteers and our consultants worked long hours together with town officials to make the effort succeed."
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