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What Kind Of Wood To Choose For The Furniture?

By Author: Amanda Johnson
Total Articles: 2

The different stages of wood transformation
Knowing the basics of wood processing helps to understand the steps that impact the quality of the wood. To put it simply, here are the 3 main phases :
The tree trunks arrived at the factory, the handlers debark and saw. Everything is fully automated. The types of sawnwood vary according to certain criteria such as wood species and the desired thickness of the slices.
Then, these slices are subjected to a pre-drying and drying . Immediately after sawing, the wood is transported to a space dedicated to this purpose. The wood can be air-dried, traditionally or artificially in a chute.
This step involves removing the water contained in the wood fibers . It will prevent any swelling or deformation of the material. This phase is very important because it will ensure that the wood does not work!
Finally, the sliced ​​and dried wood undergoes a final transformation: finishing . The wood can then be sanded, brushed, varnished, oiled, waxed, tinted ... Depending on the customer's request.
Ranking of woods according to their density
The density of the wood has an impact on its robustness and therefore its quality. Each species has a more or less hard density.
How are wood species classified?
As you can see, several parameters come into play in the transformation of wood as soon as it is reduced. A good wood furniture manufacturer therefore needs to pay particular attention to the processes involved.
The choice of wood is a second factor that will greatly influence the quality of your furniture. The hardness and density of the wood will have an impact on its strength.
Two measurements make it possible to evaluate the hardness of a wood: the hardness Monnin (varying between 9) and the hardness Brinell (which expresses N / mm ² and varies between 10 N / mm² and> 40 N / mm²).
In parallel, the class of use is another element to be taken into consideration. It is defined according to the nature of the activity and its intensity.

Classification of wood types
I propose you the following classification, it will allow you to have an idea of ​​the density of the woods. The essences are classified from A to D, thus going from the lightest and harder:
Class A: poplar, fir, pine, alder
Class B: birch, teak, walnut
Class C: oak, ash, elm, acacia
Class D: wenge, dark acacia, azobé

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