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How To Become A Veterinarian
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Do you love animals? Do you like to study biology? Would you want to treat illnesses and save lives? If your answers to the above questions is yes, then Veterinary Sciences can be a career option for you. Veterinary Sciences is the branch of science that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of the diseases, illnesses, disorders and injuries in animals. Veterinarian is a physician who practices veterinary medicine. As a veterinarian, you will be the guardian of animal health and wellness. You will be treating injured and sick animals by prescribing medicines and performing medical procedures such as surgery, bone setting or dressing wounds.
You will advice the animal owners regarding sanitation, nutrition, breeding, and general care of the animals. You will carry out tests for diseases, and provide appropriate vaccinations against them. You might also have to consider the action of euthanasia i.e putting animal to sleep, if the condition of animal is likely to remain in bad state. Since the animal can not explain the symptoms of its illness, you will have to look for medical history along with the clinical test reports for analyzing the condition of the animal.The basic quality necessary to succeed as a veterinarian is to have genuine compassion and affection for animals and birds. You should possess good interpersonal and communication skills while dealing with animal owners and your working staff. Since animals cannot speak and describe their problems, you should be good at understanding animal's behavior and skilfully diagnose the ailment. You should have strong physical strength and stamina when dealing with large animals. You should possess a strong scientific acumen with good logical reasoning and problem solving ability. While dealing with animals, you have to be patient, kind and observant.To pursue a career as a veterinarian, you should pass 12th examination in science stream with physics, biology and chemistry as subjects. This is the minimum eligibility criteria for admission to Bachelor's in Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry. Also, admission to most veterinary colleges for this course in India is based on an entrance examination conducted by the concerned universities.
The veterinary council of India conducts an examination for admission to 15% of total number of seats to the first year of course of all veterinary colleges. The duration of course is four and half years including an internship period. After graduation, students pursue postgraduate course in veterinary sciences which is a two years course. Indian council for agricultural research conducts an entrance examination for entry to post graduation courses. You can specialize in areas like medicine, anatomy, biochemistry, cardiology, surgery, pathology, microbiology, toxicology, breeding, genetics, molecular biology and dermatology during your postgraduate course. For jobs in research and teaching, post graduation is a minimum qualification criterion; however a Doctorate in this field would be preferred. As a veterinarian, you will be working with small animals such as dogs, cats, birds and reptiles or large animals such as horses and cows. Veterinary Sciences offers several jobs prospects. You can work in private and government veterinary hospitals, animal husbandry departments, poultry farms, race clubs, wildlife sanctuaries, zoos, dairy farms, aviaries, and research laboratories. You can also work in technical sales, marketing, pet food manufacturing, agribusiness, animal feed and nutrition industries.
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