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Rise Of A Mega City
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Not much is talked about the history of Bangalore although it is as much a historic city as Delhi. A discovery of Stone Age artifacts in the outskirts of the city suggests that humans have inhabited this place since pre historic times. Further proof of a settled life is provided by the numerous Roman-era coins found in the city bearing the countenance of Emperors Augustus, Tiberius and Claudius.
The locale of today’s Bangalore was a part of a few South Indian kingdoms that came one after another. Later, the region was controlled by the western Ganga dynasty (of Karnataka as distinct from the Ganga dynasty of Orissa) which had set up viable control over the region. According to Edgar Thurston there were twenty eight feudal-lords who ruled Gangavadi from the beginning of the Christian era till its overthrow by the Cholas. The Western Gangas ruled the area at first as a sovereign power, and later as feudatories of the Chalukyas of Badami and later the Rashtrakutas till the tenth century. The Begur Nageshwara Temple was builtaround 860AD, at the time of the rule of the Western Ganga King Ereganga Nitimarga I and the edifice was further expanded by his successor Nitimarga II. During the rule of Raja Chola I, the Cholas vanquished the Western Gangas under the order of the crown ruler Rajendra Chola I, and became overlords of Bangalore. During this period, the Bangalore district saw the relocation of numerous gatherings — warriors, managers, dealers, craftsmans, pastorals, cultivators, and religious work force from Tamil Nadu and other Kannasda regions. Many fabulous temples and structures of the region date from this period.
In 1117, the Hoysala lord Vishnuvardhana vanquished the Cholas in the Battle of Talakad in south Karnataka, and expanded his hold over the region. Vishnuvardhana removed the Cholas from all parts of Mysore state. By the closing of the thirteenth century, Bangalore turned into a wellspring of dispute between two warring cousins, the Hoysala ruler Veera Ballala III of Halebidu and Ramanatha. After Veera Ballala III's demise in 1343, the region fell into the hands of the Vijayanagara Empire, which saw the flowering of four traditions, the Sangamas, the Saluvas, the Tuluvas, and the Aravidu. During the rule of the Vijayanagara Empire, Achyuta Deva Raya of the Tuluva Dynasty raised the Shivasamudra Dam over the Arkavati stream at Hesaraghatta, which is even to this day is the source of water for the city.
Today Bangalore is a metropolitan city housing some of the best clubs and hotels. The membership of some of these clubs is much sought after but available only to a select few. Besides, many multi-national corporations have set up their offices here and due to its fledgling IT industry it is also called the Silicon Valley of India.
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