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The 8 Best Physical Therapy Methods Explained
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Physiotherapy is a set of methods and techniques for curing and preventing illness. Also, Physical Therapy helps the adaptation of people with some type of disability or sequel after an injury or illness. This type of specialty is not only focused on the healing of sick people but also acts on healthy patients to prevent possible damages and injuries. There are numerous techniques in the field of physiotherapy that can be combined to accelerate patient recovery or prevent pathologies. Some of the best are:
One of the equipment used during the treatment of physiotherapy is the ultrasound. High-frequency ultrasound therapy uses sound waves to relieve muscle spasms and relax and warm up muscles before exercise, to help relieve pain and inflammation, and to promote healing. Although the use of ultrasound is common, some studies show a benefit of this treatment and others do not. Some physical therapists do not recommend deep warming techniques. Discuss benefits and risks with your physiotherapist or physician before starting this therapy. This type of treatment is not usually used for children.
The electrotherapy is a technique that is within physiotherapy, which aims to generate heat in certain soft tissues of the body to thereby achieve avoid increasing cramping sensation and even pain. In electrotherapy, electrical current is applied to the muscles or tissue of the body in order to stimulate the damaged areas. The current applied may be alternating current or direct current. In most cases, AC is applied because it is much more effective.
The Hydrotherapy is another technique of this treatment, which consists in immersing a person or body parts that are to treat a person in the water with salts, thermal waters or mud to achieve moisturize and stimulate certain parts of the body. The hydrotherapy is known since ancient times, just remember the Roman and Arab baths. It is a therapeutic technique that has a long tradition in different societies and has demonstrated its benefits in the treatment of various diseases.
This type of Physical Therapy is widely used in the outpatient clinic of hospitals where the patient can go to a doctor on a daily basis or at least once a week. It relies on orthopedic devices and techniques. It is practiced a lot with athletes and other patients who have recently met with some type of accident. It focuses more on the so-called musculoskeletal system, being closely related to joints, tendons, ligaments, knees, and ankles, as well as the back and neck.
Another effective method used in physiotherapy is known as Magnetotherapy, which consists of the application of a series of magnetic elements that help the body to stimulate certain regions without the need for external medication, which has proven to be very effective. Magnetotherapy is an alternative therapy to traditional medicine consisting of the use of magnets in the body to improve or heal injuries, wounds, inflammations.
Non-ionizing radiations are also widely used by physiotherapists since it is a very effective method which contemplates lasers that help to project heat in certain specific places. In particular, this technique tends to be one of the most effective at the moment because of the degree of accuracy, although it is also usually one of the most expensive methods that is why it is necessary to take into account the other techniques at the time of resorting to physiotherapy to get rid of certain health problems.
Pulmonary Physical Therapy
This defensive therapy modality focuses on those diseases related to heart and lung problems. Patients who have recently undergone surgery or who are experiencing difficulty breathing are usually treated through this type of physical therapy so that their physical and vital strength is increased.
Neurological Physical Therapy
As it is intuited by its name, it refers to the therapy of support to the neurological restoration, that is to say, to a patient with neurological dysfunctions like the stroke, the Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s, the infantile cerebral palsy, the different types of brain injury, spinal cord injuries and accidents. Neurological therapy requires much longer periods of time since it is designed specifically for those who need progressive recovery options or with very serious conditions.
Are these physical therapies safe?
Physical therapies are very safe if they are applied by expert hands and at the right times. The main complication of these types of therapies, except for non-thermal hydrotherapy, is the appearance of burns, but this is really exceptional if the means used are adequate and there are no errors in the calculation of the intensity, as well as the distance, time and surface of exposure.
The goal of physical therapy is to improve mobility, restore function, relieve pain, and prevent further injury using a variety of methods, including exercise, stretching, traction, electrical stimulation, and massage. Contrary to this, special tools such as cold and heat packs, crutches, clamps, walking belts, prostheses, compression belts, computer stimulation, laser, and ultrasound are used for this purpose.
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