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International Cricket Before The Prudential Cricket World Cup
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It was back in 1844 when the first international cricket match was played. It was on September 24 and 25 of the year with the contesting sides being United States and Canada! Still, the official records start with the Test match between Australia and England after three years. This test series was latter named as Ashes Test series, which became a legendary tournament of the game. Until these years, England, Australia, United States and Canada were the teams to play international matches. The next entrant on the list of Test playing nations was South Africa. The team received international Test status in 1889.
Cricket was included in Olympics at its 1900 version held in Paris. The winner was England. France was the runners up playing the final. Thus, at its early days, there were several teams associated with the game. These teams have become extinct from the international circuit never representing any Cricket World Cup. In modern day, a French team playing international cricket would seem rather surprising, on the light of popularity and fervor of football in Europe. Also, Canada is no longer on the purview. There was a little sprint from US a couple of years back. But it has no recent news worth reading. Even in latter period, the rise and fall of teams like Zimbabwe is a classic example of such happenings. Still, Zimbabwe has revived its game, and so has Pakistan.
Back in 1912, England, South Africa, and Australia played the first Triangular cricket tournament. It was a Test tournament. However, it could bring any better prospects and such trilateral game was abandon for the next 87 years, almost a century. During this long period, only bilateral Test were organized. Even in recent times, multilateral test series are rarities. However, in the century, cricket expanded its roots across several countries even if some early teams could not sustain. Teams like West Indies, New Zealand, Pakistan, and India were given Test status. India received Test status in 1932.
Until the decade stating from 1960s, cricket was only limited to Test format. The One-Day format was first introduced in English County cricket in 60s. The first One Day Tournament was the Midlands Knock-Out Cup, where four teams played back in 1962. A year later in 1963, the Gillette Cup was introduced in domestic circuit of England, which too help in popularity of the new format. Finally, its international version came up as a solution to the incomplete Test between England and Australia in 1971. The match was washed, held at Melbourne, being shorted from a four-days play to a single day. It was the first ODI. It was a 40-overs a side match and each over had eight balls.
The author is associated with Cricketbolo.com, a popular website for cricket updates and news.
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